Thomas Goss and his military service French and Indian 1755 and Revolutionary War 1776

French & Indian War:

Thomas served in the provincial militia in 1755 during the French and Indian war. In February 1755 he was involved in a deed with his brother Philip Goss IV in Granville which I will present in a future post. He also served in 1776 in the Revolutionary War.

Thomas Goss shares his experiences:

“…At which period recruits being wanted to act against the French in Canada, the war between them and the English, in the year 1755, I enlisted as a soldier in the provincial service, for a short term, in defense of English liberty; and, with other recruits took my departure from Springfield, under the command of Lt. Jonathan Ball, (afterwards Major).

Notes: There is a Maj Jonathan Ball b. 29 Jun 1729 and died of smallpox 7 March 1760 who is buried in the Springfield Cemetery, Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts. His gravestone reads: Here lies interr.d the Body of Jonathan Ball Esqr of Granville Major of a Regimment provencial troops who died of ye Smallpox…in the 31st year of his age per Find A Grave Plot Willow Ave 1-24. Could this be the same person that Thomas Goss mentioned above?

Thomas Goss continues to describe his service.

On our arrival at Fort Edward, I was detached, under Major Rogers, commanding a corps of Rangers in that department, to scour the woods in search of war parties of the enemy; and being distinguished as qualified for such excursions, discovering an acquaintance with the woods, as well as a fondness for enterprise; I was immediately ordered to act in capacity of a serjeant, though I never obtained a warrant of that office, nor received, though promised, more wages than a private soldier; being, as is but too frequently the case, defrauded of them by my officers. In piloting scouting parties of our men through the woods was therefore my principal employment; nor did I ever betray the confidence reposed in me; but acted as a faithful guide, and dutiful soldier; not having been guilty of any misdemeanours, for which I now feel the least remorse of conscience.”

Source:  Hartford, Nov. 19. The Speech of Thomas Goss, New Hampshire Mercury & General Advisor Vol I LII page 2, December 13, 1785, Genealogy Bank Library version. 

I am a bit confused by the above statement from Thomas Goss regarding being made an Serjeant?  I am wondering if he is getting these two wars mixed up or he was also made an officer at that time back in 1755.  See Revolutionary war information below about the 18th Regiment.

Fort Edward is located in Washington Co., New York below Ticonderoga and Lake Champlain. I actually drove down through New York and visited this area briefly on my Canadian trip in 2014. I turned west at Saratoga Springs.

This date of 1755 refers to the French and Indian War and at that time the French won a string of victories in quick succession. The French were expanding into the Ohio River valley.  The History channel’s website gives information about this conflict. Family Search has a Wiki about the French and Indian war. I will write more about it when I talk about Thomas’s grandfather Philip Goss II.

Provincial troops were separate from the militia and were raised by the colonial governors and legislatures for extended operations, or enlisted for specific campaigns and organized anew each spring.  Wikipedia’s article on this is very interesting and there are some possibilities of Thomas’s service either in Massachusetts or out of Connecticut, you will have to scroll down to the state area:

I think this link below might be about Major Rogers as mentioned in the above excerpt. This Wikipedia article is very interesting it is about Rogers Rangers and what they did and seems very much like what Thomas Goss describes.

The Revolutionary War:

Source Below: A catalogue of Barkhamsted men, who served in the various wars, 1775 to 1865, Compiled by Wm. Wallace Lee, Republic Pub. Co. 1897.  Family Search has a copy of this booklet.

Pg. 19, 41 Goss, Thomas – Private in Capt. Seth Smith’s Company, L. A;

Notes: Capt. Seth Smith’s Company, New Hartford, Connecticut Militia answered the “Lexington Alarm,” Seth’s name is on the plaques that appear throughout Connecticut about this event.

…also Sergeant in Ensign John Norton’s Company, at defence of New York; was in Barkhamsted as early as 1762; lived near Hartland on Center Hill, west, street, where Oscar Tiffany lives; became insane; at first harmless, eventually raving; conceived the idea that his wife was a witch, and under that delusion killed her; was convicted of murder and hanged at Litchfield in November, 1785.  The whole affair is a blot on the records of Connecticut justice, for it ever a man was irresponsible taking human life, it was Thomas Goss. 

Apparently the author or compiler Mr. Lee was a bit unhappy with Thomas causing him to make the statement in the book that I have bolded.


Rev. War Service of Thomas Goss

Source: Thomas Goss signed up on 19 August 1776 in CT became a Sergeant for the 18th Reg. Militia. #37087917. G 18 Conn. Militia – Arrived on 19 August 1776 and was discharged September 25, 1776 1 mo, 20 days L4 pay.

Source: U.S. Compiled Revolutionary War Military Service Records 1775 to 178 Conn – 18th Reg. Militia. Based on this information he did not participate long. He was 42 at the time.

Other Revolutionary War sources for Thomas Goss that you might find:

Source below: Register of Revolutionary Soldiers and Patriots buried in Litchfield Co. compiled by Joyce Mackenzie Cropsey. A copy of this booklet is also at FamilySearch but they do not show it online at this time.

Pg. 53 Goss, Thomas (issue) d. 11-9-1785 bur. Litchfield Co., cemetery unknown (HR; DER) (DER means Robert’s Soldiers of the Revolution, Barkhamsted.  Richard’s Honor Roll Litchfield Co. Revolutionary Soldiers.

Source: Honor Roll of Litchfield County Revolutionary soldiers, Josephine Ellis Richards, editor-in-chief, 1912, Mary Floyd Tallmadge Chapter, DAR, on view at Hathi Trust Digital Library. It reads Pg. 41 Thomas Goss Bark. Men page 19 – Rec. Conn Men 17, 471. This is a listing of soldiers in various towns and the booklets mentioned above give the actual information.

Another source: Revolutionary War Graves Register: In Our Memory, by Clovis H. Brakebill, Sons of the American Revolution, 1993. Thomas Goss page 247 3rd column. “Thomas Goss @-1785; Litchfield Cem, Litchfield, CT; Soldiers, CT.”

Well, I hope I have made this clear and have been able to separate the French and Indian War in 1755 from the Revolutionary War Service in 1776. I was finding it very difficult to get good information about the French and Indian War and if I figure it out I will come back and update this post. As for the Revolutionary War service there might be more for Thomas Goss but this short time of 1776 August to September may be all there is.

In any event, I think this is very important information. I did not know about the French and Indian War service.  So I am very pleased to know this about Thomas Goss.

In the next post, I will write about the circumstances of the accusation of a Ephraim Pelton who believed Thomas Goss was responsible for the murder of Elias Hopkins in 1758.

Posted in AMERICAN REVOLUTION & Other Conflicts, Connecticut, French and Indian War 1755, Granville, Litchfield County, Thomas Goss 1734 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

The Children of Philip Goss III and Keziah Cooley: Thomas Goss of Barkhamsted, CT.

Thomas Goss was born to Philip Goss III and Keziah Cooley 6 January 1734 in Brookfield, Massachusetts. Thomas’s story does not take its sad turn till later in his life.

Source: Brookfield Births, page 106, Massachusetts, U.S. Town and Vitals 1620 to 1988. 

In his own words, Thomas Goss: 

I was born in Brookfield, in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. My parents sustained respectable characters, and were blessed with easy fortune, superior to want, but not affluent. My father was a farmer, who dying when I was about ten years old. I consequently became subject to the goverance of my mother; but as she did not long survive the death of my father, I was sent at the age of 14, to live with Capt. Jonathan Buttalf, a pretty wealthy farmer, resident in a society in Simsbury, near the boundary line of Massachusetts, with who, and my, brother, then living at Greenville (should read Granville), in the Commonwealth aforesaid, (about 7 miles from Capt. Buttalf’s) I resided alternately, till I arrived at the age of 22…

Source: Hartford, November 19, The Speech of Thomas Goss, from the New Hampshire Mercury and General Advertiser Vol. II LII pg. 2, December 13, 1785. Note: As I post about Thomas Goss, I will take excerpts from the newspapers I have found. This particular article was very large and talked about his military experience which I will share in a future post. 

Thomas’ statement is wonderful and hearing about his parents and their lives is very special. Thomas also tells us that his mother did die rather soon after the father which helps us to know more about Keziah Cooley Goss’s end. I will go into this further when I discuss Philip Goss III’s estate in a future post. 

Based on court records, Thomas’s brother Philip Goss IV served as his guardian after the death of the father in 1742 and mother in 1745. 


Guardianship of Thomas Goss 4 Feb 1745

Source: Worcester Co. Probates, Guardianships Thomas Goss 4 Feb, 1745/6 Vol. 196 page 251.

The Captain Jonathan Butolph (Buttels) that I found was born 8 March 1723 in Simsbury and died 03 June 1777 in Granby. He married several times. There are DAR applications for this family.  For Thomas to spend time with this Capt. Buttalf/Buttals means he may have been learning a trade or that his brother Philip Goss IV was moving around from Simsbury, to North Granby and to Granville and was not totally settled. These are purely speculation on my part. 

His brother Philip Goss IV and wife Mary Kendall did migrate to Simsbury which I estimate to be sometime around 1748 after the deaths of his grandparents Philip Goss II and Judith Hayward. So if Thomas was 14 years old and born in 1734 then this year of 1748 helps to add confirmation of this family’s migration to Simsbury. 

Thomas Goss did received some money from his father Philip Goss III’s Estate like his other siblings.  

Distribution of Money Philip Goss Estate

Distribution of moneys to the children of Philip Goss Jr. or III in 1742 to 1745, full source in a future post

The History of North Brookfield, by J.H. Temple with a genealogical register. On page 604 and 605 describes this family, starting with Philip Goss I down to Philip Goss III. Several online archives have copies of this book,, Hathi Trust and Internet Archive for viewing. 

The story of Thomas Goss is just in the beginning stages of my posting. I will be discussing his military service, his acquiring of land in both Granville, his life in Barkhamsted, his marriages to two women Eunice and Sarah, the children, the beginnings of his insanity. The events around the murder of his wife, his arrest, indictment, trial, and execution and then the handling of his estate. 

I would like to point out that Connecticut has rather stringent privacy laws and so a lot of records like deeds and court documents are either not online or you have to go to an archive like the Family History Library personally or to a Family Center near you to access.  So most of what I share will be from secondary sources like newspapers, magazines, other accounts done by others.  You will still get an idea about what transpired in his life.  Even if I went to Connecticut, I would have to join a genealogical society there in order to access records. I have had good experiences and very bad regarding this rule in the State of Connecticut. 

In the next post I will discuss Thomas Goss’s military service in the French and Indian war in 1755 and his Revolutionary war experience.  

Posted in Brookfield, Granby and North Granby CT, Granville, Philip Goss I of Roxbury and Lancaster b. 1650 a progenitor of Goss, Philip Goss II son of Philip Goss of Roxbury & Hannah Hopkins - wife Judith (Hayward) Goss, Philip Goss III son of Philip II & Judith Hayward b. circa 1700 - wife Keziah Cooley 1702, Philip Goss IV son of Philip Goss III & Keziah Cooley - wife Mary (Kendall) Goss, Simsbury, Thomas Goss 1734 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

The Children of Philip Goss III and Keziah Cooley: Judith Goss and the guardianship, her possible marriage to Simeon Walker.

We now move on to another child of Philip Goss III and Keziah Cooley. Her name is Judith Goss. She was born 15 November 1731 in Brookfield, Massachusetts. 

Source: Massachusetts US Towns and Vital Records 1620 to 1988, Brookfield Births, page 106

Guardianship 1745

Judith was a young girl of 11 (per my calculations) when her father Philip Goss III died in 1742. In this document from the Estate of Philip Goss Jr. late of Brookfield 1742 she receives some money:

Distribution of Money Philip Goss Estate

Distribution of moneys to the children of Philip Goss Jr.

She chose Solomon Keys as her guardian in the following documents and this was witnessed by her brother Philip Goss the IV.  

Source: Worcester Co. Probates Series A., Case #24898 Judith Goss, Nomination Rec Vol. 233, page 34. Judith Goss nominates Solomon Keys her guardian Vol. 196, pg. 250.

Guardianship of Judith Goss

Guardianship of Judith Goss, Brookfield, Worcester Co, MA


Bond for Guardianship

Bond for Guardianship for Judith Goss

These two documents, presented above, are dated 15 January 1745. This guardianship might have been motivated by the death of her mother Keziah Cooley Goss in January 1745. 

Marriage of Judith Goss


Massachusetts Counties to give some idea of where they are located.

It is presented in the Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts that a Judith Gorse married a Simeon/Simion Walker on October 10, 1751. Since I do not have access to the originals we cannot tell if her name is Gorse or Goss. 

Source: Massachusetts US Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, Hardwick Marriages page 182.

A Simeon Walker appears in the Estate papers of Zachariah Haskell in an account submission by Keziah Haskell. He was paid L4 6/4. This implies that a Simeon Walker knew the Haskell family and was in Hardwick.

There is a birth of a Simeon Walker for the 26th of August 1729 in Brookfield, to a Samuel and Anna (Hinds) Walker. After Samuel’s death she remarried to a Goodale and a Ware. Samuel the father died in 1731 and there is a guardianship for this Simeon. 

There is a book The History and Genealogy of the Hinds Family by Albert H. Hinds 1899 page 30 in which an Anna Hinds is referenced as a possible mother of Simeon and Levi Walker.

Other researchers have a Simeon Walker dying in Seekonk, Massachusetts. From the History of Seekonk page 201 Rehoboth Area a Simeon Walker is made a selectman along with Lewis Walker and a Jesse Medbury.

Seekonk is in Bristol County which is in the eastern part of Massachusetts near Rhode Island when Hampshire is very much on the western side of Massachusetts.  See the map above. These researchers don’t have much more on Simeon or Judith. 

There is a will for a Simeon Walker in Shelburne, Hampshire, Massachusetts. The will is dated 29 February 1776. He has several bequeaths one to his brother Levi Walker. He gives to his brother and sister Onesiphorus and Anna Ayres all my other estate. He appoints [Onesiphorus] Ayres sole Executor.  No wife is mentioned. Source: Massachusetts US Wills and Probate Records 1635 to 1991 Hampshire, Probate Records Vol. 11-12, 1767 to 1777.

If this is the Simeon Walker who married Judith, the will implies that she died and they had no children or the children did not survive.  

The brother Levi Walker was born 23 November 23, 1730 in Brookfield and died 30 April 1778 in New Salem, Hampshire, Massachusetts. He married Sarah How on 12 March 1759 in Brookfield, 1738-1791. They had Samuel 1760, Patty 1761-1801, Nathan 1763, Abner 1765, Jesse 1767-1862, Abraham 1770, Judith Goss Walker 1772-1858 and Anne 1774.

I think it is very interesting that he named a daughter Judith Goss Walker. On page 58-59 of this book: Howe Genealogies, John Howe of Sudbury and Marlborough by Daniel Wait Howe 1929. It references Sarah Howe born 24 October 1738. Sarah remarried to Jonathan Moore 4 July 1782. 

Find A Grave has a memorial for Levi indicating he died in New Salem, Franklin Co., Massachusetts. There is no known burial. Sarah Howe Moore died December 1791 and is buried in the Brookfield Cemetery in Brookfield. Her Find a Grave has a picture of a tombstone and some information about the family. The daughter Judith Goss Walker also has a Find A Grave with tombstone. She married a William Holmes and is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery in New Braintree, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. 

The sister Anna (Goodale) married an Onesiphorus Ayers according to the North American Family Histories 1500-2000 pages 120-121 Fifth Generation. Anna is at Find A Grave but no stone or knowledge of her burial location. Onesiphorus Ayres had information at Find A Grave but his grave is also lost. 

I do find the naming of Levi and Sarah’s daughter “Judith Goss Walker” intriguing. I am not too excited about the Simeon Walker who died in Seekonk, Bristol, Massachusetts. From what I see I get the impression that this family mentioned above stayed in western Massachusetts. Unfortunately, we do not have a burial location for Judith at this time. I have not studied deeds which could be a challenge because 3 to 4 counties would need to be consulted. This definitely needs more work and research. 

In the next posts I will share what I know about Thomas Goss another one of her brothers. 

Posted in Brookfield, Franklin County, Hardwick, Judith Goss 1731 and Simeon Walker, Philip Goss III son of Philip II & Judith Hayward b. circa 1700 - wife Keziah Cooley 1702, Walker, Hinds, Ayres and Howe families, Worcester County | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment