To find the grave site of Solomon Goss and his wife Olive, his son David and the two babies of Solomon Goss, Jr, I studied the cemeteries of Marietta and its surroundings.
Mound Cemetery is one of the oldest. Was it possible that they transported Solomon’s body to Mound Cemetery from Fearing Twp.?
I was not finding Solomon, nor Olive and their family in any of the Fearing Twp. Cemeteries so I decided to explore Marietta closely and learn about the history of the cemeteries in the area. I was disappointed to find out that they did not keep records till about 1858 and older burying grounds were opened for development and the bodies were moved at various times to either Mound or Oak Grove.
There is a very excellent book that I have already mentioned in the last post. I suggest that you get a copy of it if you can and read the chapters that are about the history of the area they do mention names of deceased in these pages other chapters including a very carefully prepared listing of the plots and graves in the last couple of chapters. This book is at the Ohio Genealogical Society in Bellville, Allen County and probably in a major genealogical society or library near you.
“Mound Cemetery, Marietta, Ohio” by Owen Hawley. This is an excellent book published in 1996 by the Washington County Historical Society.
This book describes the really old cemeteries/burying grounds and what happened to them and the bodies – Here is the Table of Contents:
- Prologue: Requiem
- East Marietta Burial Sites Before Mound Cemetery
a. Emerson Hill (Old Burying Grounds) “The earliest cemetery was east of the Muskingum in Marietta was the “Ten Acres lying between City Square number thirty-three and the tree acre Lots…which is to be kept as a burying ground forecver (Archer Butler Hulbert, Records of the Ohio Company, Marietta, 1917, II 208) This covers City Square 33 which is the entire block bordered by Sixth, Seventh, Tupper and Wooster streets….Location of this earliest burial ground appears on the “Plan of the Town of Marietta” signed by Rufus Putnam, Superintendent of the Ohio Company’s Surveys, 20 April 1802. ” Names are listed that were buried there but no Solomon Goss. page 5. “…26 others whose remains were exhumed in 1871 and reinterred in the Pioneer Lot in Sect. 19 Oak Grove Cemetery.” Only two could be identified positively.
“The hill-hugging Pioneer Lot in Sect. 19 in Oak Gove Cemetery is marked by a white monument bearing only the legend “To the Memory of the Unknown Pioneers who Rest Here. This stone is erected by the Washington Co. Pioneers Association, A.D. 1875. Names pass away but deeds live on.” In front of this onument are two bronze DAR and SAR gravemarkers for James Michell Varnum…Englehard Hopper.”
Note: The Washington Co. Pioneers Association is defunct and is now the Washington Co. Historical Society.
b. Warren Street at Third Street “This burial ground was opposite City square 11…only one Warren Street burial was recorded: that of Brig. Gen Benjamin Tupper…remains were removed to Mound cemetery.
c. Wooster Street at Third Street…the site of another early East Marietta cemetery.” It is unclear as to whether the burials were removed to Mound Cemetery?
- Burial Records and Reading of Mound Cemetery
- “Strange as it may seem, with certain exceptions, Marietta did not always keep a careful record of where it planted its dead. This is true even of Mound Cemetery for a considerable part of the 19th century…Rufus Putnam to whom that land had been leased in March 1791 gave the Square to the town for use as a public burying ground. It was not, however, until 3 May 1803 that trustees of the Ministerial Land officially set aside a portion of Mound Square as a burial ground; since the ground lay within Section 29 (Ministerial Land), only its trustees could make such official designation.”
“Although no written record of interments was kept before August 1858 it is possible to determine that by May 1803 there and been four burials in Mound…”
It goes on for pages about the history of the Mound Cemetery.
- Marietta’s Ancient Earthworks
- Cemetery Fence, Gate and DAR Memorial Plot
- The Receiving Tomb (Ward Stone Vault)
- Tombstones, Stonecutters and Gravestone Designs
- African Americans in Mound Cemetery
- Other Happenings in Mound Cemetery
- Funerals, Funerary Customs and Memorial Verse
- “…The burial of one early Mound Cemetery couple attests to this. Caleb Thorniley Sr. died 26 August 1807; his wife Mary (Alcock) Thorniley died within 48 hours on 27 August 1807. John Holt, Joseph Lincoln and Nathaniel Saltonstall also died during this time. Writing to his brother Dudley Woodbridge Jr. from Marietta on 5 September 1807, William Woodbridge began: “I am sorry the truth will warrant me in saying that our little town has been and continues to be unhealthy, not withstanding its well merited character of healthiness, a fever has raged among us almost as fatal as the yellow fever. Majr. Lincoln is dead & his wife is at the point of death. Nott is dead. Old Thorniley & his wife are dead…There is scarcely a family at the point up and down the Ohio for many miles which has not one or more sick in it.”
- Conditions during the summer epidemic of 1822-1823…were even more grisly than they had been in the epidemic of 1807. Since the mortality rate was higher, an even larger number of people were given unceremonious burials. ”
- There is much more description in this chapter than I have written here. I was interested in the epidemics.
- Abbreviations, Symbols and Sources
- Burials and Plot Owners – lists in detail the burials they know about and other research done like newspapers
- Index to Buried Names – a quick index to the names throughout the book
- Epiloque: Passage from Shakespeare
The plaque below reads: To the Memory of the Soldiers of the American Revolution buried in Washington County, Ohio Whose Graves are Unknown, erected by the Marietta Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution 1927. In front of this memorial are rows and rows of the DAR emblem with the names of some of the soldiers on them. No Solomon Goss was listed. On my visit I did not go to the DAR house which, I believe, was across the street from the Oak Grove Cemetery.
On my trip to Massachusetts in the Spring of 2011, I took a drive up to the home of Rufus Putnam’s when he was living in North Brookfield. In my post dated April 13, 2011 “Monday, April 11, 2011: The Brookfields, At Last.” This was described in my blog about my trip to Massachusetts and Connecticut in 2011. I wrote about this visit to Horseshoe Lake. You will have to scroll to just after the North Brookfield Library to find the part about Rufus Putnam.
You cannot study the history of Marietta without seeing or hearing about Rufus. I even visited the Campus Martius and toured his house. I believe he knew my Goss family. See the post dated September 13, 2011 “Marietta and Washington County – A Dream Come True!” written for this blog where I discuss visiting Rufus’ house in Marietta.
This is a very interesting cemetery and well worth exploring: Find A Grave has this cemetery listed but I do not know if they have all the tombstones included so you might want to consult the book above and also talk to the cemetery office.