John Keller: The U.S. Census For Knox County, Ohio

John Keller married Mary Delano in early 1830 Knox County, Ohio.

We know that the census is statistical from 1790 to 1840 and gives only head of household with counts of numbers for other age groups.  Since John Keller was born in 1810 we know that he will not be 18 till 1828 which we can assume is the legal age for him to become an adult.  So the next census that we might find him in would be the 1830.

Be advised that this is all very complicated. You may find yourself moving up and down and scrolling to make comparisons.  I have a lot more to share that cannot be fitted into one post regarding John Keller’s origins so there is more to come in future posts.

I am going to focus on Knox County, Ohio for this post.

Let’s start with the progression of Knox County’s growth over the years. Go to the link below for a look at the township changes over the years for Knox County, Ohio.  Knox started out with only a few townships in the beginning: Wayne, Clinton, Morton and Union.  It took to 1830 for it to fill out with the townships we know.

The link below is to Diagrammatic Maps of Knox County Township formation from 1810-1850 (Diana, Goddess of the Hunt).  It is a little crude but better than nothing. It has the years and you will need to scroll through to 1840 and 1850 where it shows Knox before Morrow is carved out and then after.  It shows that Chester Twp. is directly west of Wayne Twp. and Bloomfield is directly west of Liberty butted up to each other.

Morrow County was not established till 24 February,1848, it is a mix of the following:

  • Richland (No. Bloomfield 1820, Troy 1814-15, Congress 1820-21, Perry 1812),
  • Knox (Franklin 1810, Chester 1808 and South Bloomfield 1814, some of Gilead),
  • Marion (Canaan 1821, Washington 1818-19, Cardington 1822 and most of Gilead),
  • Delaware (Westfield, Lincoln 1824, Harmony 1826, Peru 1809 and Bennington).

For supplemental information about the census, I would also like to point you to the new PAGE listed at the top of this blog titled “Keller Surname Census and Tax Study for Ohio.”  I was curious about the flow of migration of the Keller surname  into Ohio and did my own little study years ago that covers the early census of Ohio: 1820, 1830, 1840 and 1850.  Because 1850 was so large I created an alphabetical (first name) version and a county version in PDF for the Keller surname.  You can use the information in that PAGE and compare it to this post etc.

Let’s take a look at the census for Knox County, Ohio mostly.

1810:  The census did not survive for this year in Ohio except for Washington County which was rather large at the time.

1820:  In Knox County, there is one John Keller or Kelley living in Mt. Vernon, Knox Co., Ohio but there is only a few people in the household.  I cannot make out anything else.  I did a page by page and found this person.  I have tried to match it up to the headings that were supposed to be used for this census and it doesn’t fit.  I am leaning toward Kelley as the last name.

John Keller or Kelley 1820 in Mt. Vernon

John Keller or Kelley 1820 in Mt. Vernon

1830:  So what do we find in the 1830 U.S. Federal Census for Knox County, Ohio.

There is no John Keller listed in Knox Co., Ohio at this time but there are some Keller’s living in the area: Henry (Wayne Twp), Benjamin (Clinton) and Phillip (Jackson).

This map below is of 1840-1850 after Morrow was established.

Map of Knox County, Ohio townships after 1848.

Map of Knox County, Ohio townships after 1850

1.  1830 Henry Keller in Wayne Twp., Knox Co., Ohio.


  • under 5 – 0
  • 3 to 10 – 0
  • 10 to 15 – 1
  • 15 to 20 – 1 – We have a possible for John Keller at 19
  • 20 to 30 – 1 – we have an older male?
  • 30 to 40 – 0
  • 40 to 50 – 1  This is Henry himself. 
  • 50 to 60 – 0
  • 60 to 70 – 0
  • 70 to 80 – 0
  • There are no other older persons beyond Henry


  • under 5 – 3
  • 3 to 10 – 2
  • 10 to 15 – 1  – is this a possibility for Mary at 15 years old?
  • 15 to 20 – 0
  • 20 to 30 – 0
  • 30-50 – 1 – possibly Henry’s wife
  • 40 to 50 – 0
  • 50 to 60 – 0

Mary Delano might have been living with her step-father Jonathan Askins in 1830. Her mother Lovina remarried after Stephen’s death in 1819.

There is a Jonathan Askins in the 1820 census living in Bloomfield Twp. in Knox County, Ohio. Males under 10 – 1, Male 16 to 25 – 1, Females under 10 – 3, Female 26 to 44 – 1 – total 6.  The boy is probably John Askins their son and the girls are probably the Delano sisters: Mary, Alvira and Almira (the twins).

There are many Askins living in Bloomfield Twp. in 1830 (a mistake on the summary at Ancestry says Chester when it is Bloomfield on the census).  There is a Jesse, John, Reuben, Robert and William Askins. They are all right together in Bloomfield Twp.

The children of the father Reuben Askins are: Jonathan, George, John, Jesse, Robert, William, Nancy, Abraham and Rebecca.

There is no Jonathan listed in Knox in 1830, which I find very surprising.  I did do a page by page but can’t find him. However, he is listed in the 1833 and 1834 tax records for Knox County in Bloomfield with other Askins names. See my post:  Lovina Smith Delano marries to Jonathan Askins, March 14, 2014.

In this post I described the tax records for the Askins.  I referred to a family tree for more information on this family and they also are trying to figure out the missing Jonathan.

Askins Census Study for 1830 Knox County Ohio – Bloomfield Twp. of those listed.

Jesse John Reuben Robert William
Under 5 1 1 2 1
5 thru 9 2 1
20-29 1 2 1 1
30-39 1
50 – 59 1
Under 5 1 1 1
5 to 9 1 3 1    
10 to 14   1  
15 to 19 1
20 thru 29 1 1 1 1
50 to 59 1
Total 6 9 6 5 4

The census for 1830 was officially enumerated on June 1, 1830.  Alvira and Almira are twins at 13 years old in 1830  (b. 1817). There are two children for Reuben a Jonathan and John.  I feel that Jonathan is missing after a page by page search of Chester and Bloomfield, so we turn to John or the father Reuben to see if any young girls are living with them and I am not seeing that Mary’s is with them.  Besides, if true, this was enumerated months after Mary and John Keller’s marriage.

2.  Benjamin Keller in Clinton Twp., Knox Co., Ohio 1830.  This man was married twice and had many children and some were much older. A list of his children is given below. It is very interesting because it looks like more than just his family.


  • Under 5 – 2   – Benj. 3 yrs, Henry 1 yr.
  • 3 to 10 – 0
  • 10 to 15 – 1 – Christian 13 yrs.
  • 15 to 20 – 1 – Jacob 17 yrs.
  • 20-30 – 1  Unknown
  • 30 to 40 – 0
  • 40 to 50 – 2 – Two males – one is Benjamin at 41 yrs.
  • 50 to 60 – 0
  • 60 to 70 – 0
  • 70 – 80 – 0 no other older males


  • under 5 – 0
  • 3  to 10 – 3  – Leah 5 yrs, Mary 7 yrs. and unknown child
  • 10  to 15 – 1 – Catherine 11 yrs.
  • 15  to 20 – 1 – Elizabeth 15 yrs
  • 20 to  30 – 0
  • 30 to  40 – 0
  • 40 to 50 – 1 – Benjamin’s wife – Mary she died 1834
  • 50 to 60 – 0
  • 60 to  70 – 0 no other older females

There is a Benjamin Keller who came from York County, Pennsylvania and settled with his family and siblings in Fairfield County, Ohio. His father was Henry Keller of York County, Pennsylvania. Benjamin later moved up to Knox County according to the book featured below.

It is looking like a Henry Keller who was born in 1829 and who married Elizabeth Grubb may be a son of this Benjamin.  Henry and his wife are buried in Owl Creek Cemetery in Ankenytown, Knox. Co. Owl Creek is a United Brethren Church. See my BJM Cemeteries Blog for more details on this family.

I refer you to the book The Descendants of Henry Keller of York County, Pennsylvania which is online at Heritage Quest with the use of your library card from home.  You will see that it is linked to

Based on the above book, Benjamin Keller’s children are: Jacob 1813, Elizabeth 1815, Christian 1817, Catherine 1819, Mary 1823, Leah 1825, Benj. 1827 – 1832, Henry 1829, Caroline 1836, Solomon 1838, John L. 1841, George Washington 1844, Grace, 1847, Isaac, 1847, Margaret Jane, 1851, Daniel Jefferson, 1857, infant.

I will discuss this Benjamin Keller and his son Henry in a future post.  I have more information about him.

3.  Phillip Keller in Jackson Twp., Knox Co., Ohio 1830.  This man also appears in 1840, see below and he is in the 40-50 age range.


  • Under 5 – 1
  • 3 to 10 – 1
  • 10 to 15 – 0
  • 15 to 20 – 0
  • 20 – 30 – 0
  • 30 to 40 – 1  Phillip Keller
  • 40 to 50 – 0
  • 50 to 60 – 0
  • 60 to 70 – 0 no other older males


  • Under 5 – 1
  • 3 to 10 – 1
  • 10 to 15 – 0
  • 15 to 20 – 0
  • 20 to 30 – 1  Phillip’s wife
  • 30 to 40 – 0
  • 40 – 50 – 0
  • 50 – 60 – 0
  • 60 – 70 – 0 no other older females  Total 6 members of this family

1840 census:  We have five Keller/Kellars living in Knox in 1840:  Benjamin, George, Jacob, Phillip and John.

1. Benjamin Keller in Pike Twp. with 7 persons:

males 1 under 5 – Solomon 2 yrs old

1 in 10-14 – Henry of Owl Creek born 1829 is 11 years old now.

1 in 20-29  – Christian 23 yrs old

1 in 50-59 – Benjamin Keller is 51 yrs old

females 1 under 5, Caroline if 4 yrs. old

1 in 10-14,  Leah is 15

1 in 20-29, Sarah Layman his new wife who is young.

2 persons employed in agriculture, 4 under 20, 2 in 20-49 age range.  He moved from Clinton to northern Knox County and it is right next to Berlin Twp. where Owl Creek is located.  By 1840 the townships in Knox were pretty defined.

I am guessing of course about the people who may be at home with Benjamin?

2. George Keller in Mt. Vernon with 5 persons:  male 2 under 5, 1 in 30-40, female 1 under 5, 1 in 20-30 age range.

A George Kellar appears in the 1850 Census in Mt. Vernon and he is born in Germany in 1812 (38) teamster, he has living with him:  Mary (38) born France, John (15), George (12), Mary (10), Adam (8), William (6), Louisa (5), Elizabeth (4) and Sophia (1).  Children are all born in Knox Co., Ohio as written in the census.

3. Jacob Keller in Pike Twp. with 2 persons: male 1 in 20-30, female 1 in 20-30.

This man is not in the 1850 Knox Co. census.

4. Phillip Keller is still in Jackson Twp. with 9 family members:

  • males 2 under 5
  • 1 in 3-10
  • 1 in 15-20
  • 1 in 20-30
  • 1 in 40-50 – Phillip Keller
  • females:
  • 1 in 10-15,
  • 1 in 15-20,
  • 1 in 40-50. – Phillip’s wife

Unfortunately, I cannot find out more about this Phillip Keller based on my online searches. Jackson Twp. is right on the southeastern tip of Knox County. Phillip Keller does not appear in the 1850 census for Knox Co.

5. John Kellar in Liberty Twp. with 7 persons. See below.

There is definitely a John Kellar (note spelling) living in Knox County, Ohio in 1840.

This is a statistical census with only the head of household’s name but we can compare the names of the known children and place them into the age ranges, so we can do our own study.

1840 John Kellar near John Spracklin

1840 John Kellar near John Spracklin

John Kellar is listed below John Spracklin.  John Spracklin is my 3rd great-grandfather. Elizabeth Keller (b. Aug. 1831) oldest daughter of John and Mary married Daniel Spracklin (b. Feb. 1830) son of John Spracklin and Lydia Goss on 31, Dec 1852.  John Keller had not relocated to his land in Morrow Co. till at least 1847-48.

John Kellar is in Liberty Twp., Knox Co., Ohio 1840 U.S. Federal census, my census study using the family members ages to place them in the age ranges.

Free White Males
Under 5
5-10 1 Peter 6 years
15-20 0
20-30 1 John Kellar 30 years(1810)
Free white Females
Under 5 2 Lavina  3 yrs and Amarilla 1 yrs
5-10 1 Elizabeth 9 yrs.
20-30 1 Mary Delano Kellar 26 yrs.  (1814)

Here is a list of the children of John and Mary Delano Keller:

    • *Elizabeth 1831-1859  in 1840 – 9 years old
    • *Susan 1832-1834 died young – 2 years when she died
    • *Peter 1834-1869  – 6 years in 1840
    • *Lovina 1837-1873 – 3 years old
    • *Amarilla 1839 – 1 year old
  • After 1840
    • Caroline Keller 1841-1902
    • John Delano Keller 1844-1876
    • Mary Ann Keller 1846-1900+
    • Henry Keller 1849-1909
    • Harriet Ellen 1852
    • William F. Keller 1855-1911

I believe that this John Kellar in the 1840 census is our John Keller. So this means he was in Knox County prior to 1830 and is still there in 1840.

On May 13, 1839 John Keller witnesses a deed for Grantor Wine Rood to Grantee John Spracklin in Knox County, Ohio, FHL#314047, Vol. V. pg. 135-136.

Deed from Wine Rood of Knox Co. to John Spracklin of Knox Co., Ohio for $600 dated May 13, 1839 and recorded 21, 1839. Witnessed by a John Kellar and a Joseph Shaw JP. Description of the Land: “that parcel of land lying and being in the county of Knox and State of Ohio and more particularly described as follows to wit situate lying and being in the fourteenth range sixth township and second quarter of the United States Military lands and containing fifty acres be the same more or less-bounded as follows beginning at the Northwest Corner of said lot and on the line of William Hoggs? Land thence east twenty four chains thence south twenty chains 83 1/3 links thence west twenty four chains thence north twenty chains back to the place of beginning and is bounded on the north by lands of Cyrus Howett? thence by lands owed by James Thatcher? To have and hold the said lands with all the privileges…”

John Spracklin was born in Somerset, England. Wine Rood was his uncle. He married John’s aunt Anne Andrews. Wine Rood and John Spracklin came over from England in 1817 and settled in Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio.  John later moved up to Knox Co. after he married Lydia Goss, Solomon Goss’ daughter. The Wine Rood in this deed is the son of the man who migrated in 1817 and died in 1822 in Marietta. I have posted about all this in past posts on this blog.

We now shift to Morrow County where John Keller relocated to by 1848.

1850:  This is the first U.S. Federal Census in which we see John Keller and his family. It lists Mary and the children.  By 1850 John and Mary are now in Morrow County.  I have deeds to share regarding his purchasing of the land in Morrow.  The census study in the PAGE above is for Knox, not for Morrow Co.

I am the one calculating the year of birth per this census, I thought it would be interesting to compare it to future census for this family.

Source: U.S. Federal Census 1850, So. Bloomfield, Morrow Co., Ohio, Enumerated 11 Sept. 1850 by Jas. B. Shaw Ass’t Marshall. 

2477/2517 John Keller 36/38 yrs., $900 value, born PA – (1814/1812 estimated) 

All the following born in Ohio

Keller Mary age 34/35, born Ohio  – (1816 estimated) 

Keller, Elizabeth age 18, born Ohio – (1832 estimated)

Keller, Peter age 15, born Ohio – (1835 estimated) 

Keller, Lovina age 13, born Ohio – (1837 estimated)

Keller, Marilla age 11, born Ohio – (1839 estimated) 

Keller, Caroline age 9, born Ohio – (1841 estimated) 

Keller, John age 6, born Ohio – (1844 estimated) 

Keller, Mary age 3, born Ohio – (1847 estimated) 

Keller, Henry age 1, born Ohio – (1849 estimated) 

Peter, Lovina, Marilla and Carolina attended school.

There is a family living in Perry Twp. with the Keller surname in 1850:  Adam Keller age 47 born about 1803 in Pennsylvania, living with him are Sarah age 25 born PA, Franklin, Perry all born PA.  The remaining children are born in Ohio:  Emanuel age 14, with Jeremiah, Mary, Jasper N. born Iowa age 3 and a separate family Alexander age 22 born PA and Eloy age 18 born Ohio.  I believe Adam and Sarah are the couple buried in the Forest Cemetery in Fredericktown but I would have to make sure.  See BJM Cemetery Discoveries for more information.  As far as I can tell this is the only Keller family living in Morrow in 1850.

1860 Census:  John and Mary Keller appear in 1860 as well.

Source 1860 U.S. Federal census, S. Bloomfield, Morrow Co., Ohio, pg. 43 and 44, June 21, 1860,

House number 245, 366, line 36. John Keller, 49 years old, male, farmer with 1980 acreage and $600 in personal fortune, born in PA (Pennsylvania) (estimated year of birth 1811) 

Mary Keller, is 46 years old, female, born in Ohio; (estimated birth year 1814). 

John Keller is 16 years old male, farm labor, born in Ohio, attended school (estimated birth year 1844). 

Mary Keller is 13 years old, female, born in Ohio, attended school (estimated birth year 1847)

Henry Keller is 11 years old, male, born in Ohio, (estimated birth year 1849)

Harriet A. Keller is 8 years old, female, born in Ohio, attended school (estimated birth year 1852)

William [L]. is 4 years old,male, born in Ohio, attended school (estimated birth year 1856). 

1870 Census:  John and Mary Keller appear in 1870:  Source 1870 U.S. Federal Census, S. Bloomfield, Morrow Co., Ohio,  pg. 21, PO: Sparta, July 13, 1870, by Perry M. [Morris]

Line 24 176/180 Keller, John age 59, male, Farmer 2400/1325, born PA (estimated birth year 1811) 

Mary Keller 56, Female, Keeping house, born Ohio (estimated birth year 1814)

Henry Keller 21, male working on the farm, born Ohio (estimated birth year 1849)

Ellen Keller 18, female, at home, born Ohio (estimated birth year 1852)

William Keller 13, male born Ohio (estimated birth year 1857) 

1880 census:  Mary Keller is living as a widow in South Bloomfield, Morrow Co., Ohio. She has son Wm. F. Keller and a granddaughter Emma Helt living with her.  Her son Henry Keller is living next door.

Summary of this post:  We have taken a look at the US census for Knox Co., Ohio in this post and we have compared all the Keller/Kellars living in Knox Co. in 1820, 1830, and 1840 and a little of 1850.  The statistical census is not easy to interpret but it is worth it to study them together and compare the families.  Not all Keller names were enumerated in the census, with all the land speculation going on they didn’t always live in the area or they came and went.  I have evidence of other Kellers doing business in Knox County in the early years and will share in future posts.

The compiler believes that the John Kellar in the 1840 census in Liberty Twp., Knox. Co. is our John Keller.  This is based on a comparison of his children’s’ ages to the census data, the deed witnessed by John Kellar in 1839 for John Spracklin and the 1840 census has him living close to John Spracklin whose son will marry a Keller daughter.

We are starting to get to know the different Kellers in the area like Benjamin Keller who is a son of Henry Keller of York Co., Pennsylvania and that they migrated to Fairfield Co., Ohio placing Benjamin in Ohio by 1825.  We have others in the area to identify like Philip, Jacob and George Keller and we can hopefully find out more about them.

The Henry Keller who is in the 1830 census in Wayne Twp., Knox County is a strong possibility for being connected to our John Keller.  John and Mary’s marriage in early 1830 places them in the area. The question is how are they connected and can we find more evidence that there might be a stronger bond?

The Census and Tax Study page at the top of this blog may provide us with more information to continue studying the census for Keller/Kellar connections.

In the next posts there will be a discussion of the tax records of Knox County, a deed and a guardianship involving a Henry Keller and John Keller.

About BJ MacDonald

Interested in travel, really into genealogy and researching my family history, classic novels and movies, fantasy and science fiction, photography, history and more... Here is a tip. Make sure you are commenting on the blog you were visiting and the post you were interested in. My blogs are listed by hovering over my pictures and clicking. Clicking one of them will take you back to the correct blog. You can try me here:
This entry was posted in Daniel D. Spracklin & Elizabeth Keller, Jackson Twp., John Andrews Spracklin & Lydia Goss, John Keller & Mary Anne Delano, Jonathan Askins & Lovina/Lavina Smith, Keller Surname Census & Tax Study, Knox County, Pennsylvania, Reuben Askins & Rebecca Harris & Family, South Bloomfield and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to John Keller: The U.S. Census For Knox County, Ohio

  1. Jan says:

    Hi, cuz. One question, a couple of comments. Not clear why seeing JK in 1840 would lead to the conclusion that he was there in 1830…? Also, there is strong evidence to support that Phillip is not connected to us. Many years ago I corresponded with an elderly woman from Phillip’s line who had completed a lot of research and tried without any luck to connect our two families (as we had grown quite fond of one another). Unfortunately, all of the correspondence was lost in a computer crash. It’s possible that I have hard copies squirreled away but it’s a long shot. She and I both landed on Henry as the most likely connection but were never able to locate anything definitive. I LOVE your discipline in the detailed analysis.!!

    • BJ MacDonald says:

      Jan: John and Mary Keller married in early 1830 in Fredericktown, Knox Co., Ohio. This places John in Knox Co. in 1830. The 1830 Henry Keller in Wayne Twp. Census is the strongest possibility for a connection to John Keller but it is not certain because it is statistical and we just have to remain open to possibilities. In the next posts I will present other information that might make it stronger that John is more involved with this Henry then what appears in this post or in the census.

      This is very complicated and maybe will get even more complicated. Bare with me, I am trying to be clear.

      I would like to get a handle on all the Keller/Kellars that where in Knox County during the 1820 to 1850’s. If somehow you could get a name for this woman who corresponded with you or anything you might remember about what she shared, it would be great. They are not all going to be our family but maybe she told you where he came from?

      I am willing to consider and then eliminate these potential Kellers but at this time I am presenting them so we can see who all was in Knox County at the time and if there are descendants out there maybe they will find this and present information that could help us?

      Thanks for your comments, you are somewhat responsible for this census madness. All your past emails about the census and the Kellers got me going. HA!

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