When I traveled to Lancaster back in 2011, I learned that there were a lot of Kendall’s in the area, especially in Sterling. I walked the Chocksett Cemetery and found lots of tombstone with the Kendall names inscribed upon them. Unfortunately, I did not find a John Kendall tombstone that fit the description of Mary’s father. Find A Grave has a listing for Chocksett Cemetery but it is only 57% complete. I also checked other cemeteries in the area using publications and other sources but so far I do not have a grave site for John Kendall who died 1740.
An alarm went off in my head, during my trip back in 2011, that told me that the couple of John Kendall who married Deborah Richardson were not our Mary (Kendall) Goss’s parents. I mean Mary Kendall who married Philip Goss IV b. 1724.
Apparently, this has been a problem for many researchers. I will discuss possible theories as to Mary (Kendall) Goss’s connection to the Kendall family in a future post. At this time, I want to focus on Mary and the research that indicates that a John and Mary Kendall were her parents and that she had two siblings John Kendall (a son with the same name as the father) and Experience Kendall.
The Mary Kendall that married Philip Goss IV in 1744 was born Mary and was baptized in Lancaster on “1721,
April Sept. 24th. Mary daughter of John Kendal.” (1)
There is a probate file for a John Kendall of Lancaster who died in 1740 in the Worcester Co. Probates #34603. All that survived was a Distribution or Settlement. (2)
- Card Case #34603 Series A., Kendall John Residence Lancaster, Adm’r Distribution 1740.
- Court file cover Series A, Case #34603 John Kendall, settlement May 1741, Vol. 2, page 75.
- Distribution of the Real Estate, Orders and appointment of Appraisers by Joseph Wilder Probate Judge 8 October, 1740. In this handwritten document Judge Wilder instructs the appraisers to apprise the land, value it and then divide it up giving 1/3 to Mary Kendall the widow, the remaining two thirds to be divided up between the children: John Kendall, Mary Kendall and Experience Kendall.
- Instructions to John Chandler Registrar of Worcester about the Distribution from Joseph Wilder, dated October 8, 1740.
NOTE: This note was difficult to read because it must have torn and someone used cellophane tape to put it back together and that caused the writing to be faint and difficult to read.
Envelope addressed with note. _____John Chandler Esq. in Worcester these Lancaster October ye 8, 1740
Sir: I have here in __________two Bonds with two Letters of guardianship. Pleas to Record ye two Letters and deliver them to ye ___________and make out a _______for ye Distribution of the Estate of John Kindal late of Lancaster deceased one third part to ye widow Mary Kindal for life ye other two thirds too and among ye children according to law.
The persons appointed are John Bennit, Israel Houghton, Brabal Sawyer _____, Joseph Wilder Jr, Nathaniel Sawyer Jr. yeoman all of Lancaster in ye County and freeholders, Yours Joseph Wilder
5. Appraisers Report, Signed by John Bennitt, Israel Houghton, & Joseph Wilder dated 17 December 1741. This Distribution was written on 4 pages and the total of the Real Estate was valued at L745=05=0 and specifically stated that Mary Kendall the widow of John Kendal of Lancaster, Deceased was to get her one-third of land and a portion of meadow land, with half of house and barn for her natural life. Click on this PDF to view in detail a transcription of the distribution. JohnKendallDistribtn1740
John Kendal Eldest Child for his two thirds of the Land that belonged to his Father…and his part is adjusted to accommodate his mother’s one third….his total was L248=8=4.
Mary Kendal the Eldest Daughter would get land and meadow for a total of L124=4=2
Experience Kendal would get land and meadow for a total of L124=4=2
How John Kendal acquired the land in Lancaster is unknown at this time. I have studied the Worcester and Middlesex deeds which did not go back far enough. I probably need to study the Hampden Co., early deeds which are not online at this time.
There are baptisms of a John, son of John Kendal in 1719 and an Experience Kendall in 1723 in the Lancaster records, so this means they were in the Lancaster area by 1719.
We have also learned of several guardianships that the judge of the Probate mentions in his instructions to J. Chandler, Registrar. These guardianships were for Mary Kendall and Experience Kendall and they indicated that these are the daughters of John Kendall of Lancaster, deceased. That a Mary Kendal, widow of John Kendal, becomes their guardian and the brother John Kendall is part of the estate proceedings and also signs the guardianships papers of his sisters. Here are the two guardianships for Mary and Experience done on the same date.
Guardianship of Mary Kendal #34648. Lancaster 1740, Vol. 198 page 260, Worcester Co., MA probates:
- Card Case #34603 Series A, Kendall, Mary, Resident Lancaster, Guard. 1740.
- Series A Case #34648 Mary Kendall, Guardian bond Vol. 198 Page 260
- Bond and Assignment of Mary Kendall, widow of John Kendall as Guardian to Mary Kendal/Kindall, minor age about 18 years.
This is a form with handwriting added to it in various areas of the document. What is presented below is a summary of the document.
================================Know all Men by these Presents That We Mary Kindal widow John Kindal Husbandman & Caleb Wilder yeoman all of Lancaster in the County of Worcester, Are holden and stand firmly Bound and Obliged unto Joseph Wilder —– his successor or assigns in the full sum of one Hundred pounds to be paid unto the said Joseph Wilder his successors or assigns in the Office of Judge of the Probate of Wills and for Granting Letters of Administration on the Estates of Persons deceased, in the said County of Worcester……….Sealed with our Seals: Dated the Eighth day of October, 1740.
The Condition of this Obligation is such That if the above-bounden Mary Kindal Nominated and Allowed to be Guardian unto Mary Kindal A Minor aged about eighteen years daughter of John Kindal late of Lancaster in the County of Worcester yeoman deceased…………….(explains the rules of the guardianship).
Signed, Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of us: David Wilder and David Robbins, and signed by Mary Kindal (her mark), John Kendall, Caleb Wilder
Experience Kendall also appeared in the proceedings for her guardianship in Lancaster and on the same date as Mary above. (4)
- Card Case #34564 Series A, Kendall, Mary, Resident Lancaster, Guard. 1740.
- Series A Case #34564 Experience Kendall, Guardian bond Vol. 198 Page 260
- Bond and Assignment of Mary Kendall, widow of John Kendall as Guardian to Experience Kendal/Kindall, minor age about 17 years.
Know all Men by these presents That We Mary Kindal widow John Kindal husbandman & Caleb Wilder yeoman all of Lancaster in the County of Worcester Are holden and stand firmly Bound and Obligated unto Joseph Wilder ____his successors or assigns in the full sum of One hundred pounds; To be paid to the said Joseph Wilder……….dated eighth day of October, 1740.
The condition of this obligation is such, That if the above founded Mary Kindall who is nominated and allowed to be guardian unto Experience Kindall a Minor about seventeen years of age daughter of John Kindal late of Lancaster in the County of Worcester yeoman…………..
Signed Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of us David Wilder and David Robbins.
Mary M. Kindal Mark, John Kendal, Caleb Wilder
In past posts, I have shared some deeds involving a Mary Kendall, John Kendall, Experience Kendall and also Mary Goss and Philip Goss distributing land’s of John Kendall late of Lancaster, deceased.
We see that in November of 1744 they sold lands to a William Richardson. The original deed was a form deed with space for handwritten information. This deed was very difficult to read. What follows is not a complete copy but a summary of the majority of the deed:
To all People to whom these presents shall come, Greeting. Know Ye that We Mary Kendall, Spinster, John Kendall husbandman, Experience Kendall spinster, Mary Goss all of Lancaster, & Philip Goss Jnr. of Brookfield all of the County of Worcester in the province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England For and in Consideration of the sum of Eighty pounds old tenor money——to me in Hand before the ensealing hereof, well and truly paid by William Richardson of the town of Lancaster and in the county and province in New England…..…the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge and ourselves therewith fully satisfied and contented…..to William Richardson….
……….A certain tract or parcel of land situate lying and being in additional Grant to Lancaster adjoyning to a place in it called Wolf Swamp and is bounded as followeth Southerly on Wolf Swamp and westerly partly by land William Richardsons own land and partially by Common land ___Northerly it bounds upon lines in Tompson Land and Easterly it bounds upon land of Col. Oliver Wilders land it begins at white oak at the Northeast corner than runs eight & thirty seven degrees south and hundred rods to a white oak at the northwest corner then runs S. U Degrees ½ W S 4 by seven rods to a stake & stones at the south east corner then runs W ? Degrees S sixty eight rods to a white oak at the southwest corner then run N 8 Degrees E Sixty tree rods to a heap of stones then it runs N 38 degrees W Seventeen Rods & a half to a pitch pine then it runs thirty six rods straight to a white oak where it first began and contains forty acres & land.
To have and hold —-to Wm Richardson………….and the said Mary Kendall, John Kendall Experience Kendall Mary Goss & Philip Goss …………Furthermore we the said Mary Kendall, John Kendall Experience Kendal and Mary Goss & Philip Goss for ourselves our Heirs, Executors and Administrators to do covenant and engage the above demised premises to him the said William Richardson…In Witness whereof we the said Mary Kendall, John Kendall, Experience Kendall, Mary Goss & Philip Goss have for unto set our hands and seal, this 22 day of November Anno D.. 1744 and in the Eighteeth year of the reign of our sovereign Lord George the Second, King, We Mary X Kendall John Kendall Experience Kendall Mary Goss Philip Goss signed sealed and deliver in the presence of Ebenezer X Kendall Nathaniel Rugg Worcester Lancaster November the 24, 1744. The above named John Kendall, Experience Kendall, Mary Goss and Philip Goss personally appearing acknowledge the above written instrument to be their voluntary act and deed….Joseph Wilder Justice of the Peace. July 27, 1755 Rec’d & _____J. Chandler Regr. (5)
We see from the above deed all the names from the Estate of John Kendall: Mary Kendall, John Kendall, Experience Kendall and a Mary Goss and Philip Goss. Philip Goss is listed as of Brookfield and the others are of Lancaster. In addition we see that an Ebenezer Kendall sign with his mark.
In September of the following year 1745 another deed appears in the records of Worcester Co. involving Philip Goss Jr., Mary Goss of Brookfield and Experience Kendal of Lancaster. This time they are selling land to a Gardner Wilder of Leominister.
To all People whom these Presents Shall come, Greeting Knew ye, that wee Philip Goss Junr husbandman & Mary Goss of Brookfield & Experience Kendall of Lancaster in the County of Worcester & Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, For and in Consideration of the sum of Seven pounds ten shillings lawfull money to us in Hand before the ensealing herof, well and truly paid by Gardner Wilder of Leominister in the County & Province aforesaid yeoman. Etc etc.
Heirs and Assigns forever, three acres and forty rods of meadow in Lancaster additional Grant and it lieth west of the Chesnut Hill between & the Rocky Hill & is bounded as follows viz begins at a Chesnut Tree the northwest corner & from thence it runs South 13 degrees West Twenty seven rods to the southwest corner & from East 18 degrees south twenty one rods to a White ash the southwest corner & from thence it runs north 17 degrees East fourteen rods to the north east corner on __ lot of Mr. John Priest and from then it runs west 43 degrees North to where it began…………………..Furthermore we the said Philip Goss Junr Mary Goss and Experience Kendall for our ___our heirs, Executors and administrators —————-—-In Witness whereof we have hereuto set our hand & seal this 18th Day of September Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred forty five and in the 19th year of his majesty’s reign…..Signed Sealed & Delv’d in the presence of Thomas Gilburt and Thomas Gilburt 3rd Signed by Philip Goss (Seal), Mary Goss (Seal) and Experience X Goss (Seal)
Worcester Brookfield Nov. 18, 1745 then Philip Goss Junr, May Goss his wife and Experience Kendall subscribers to the within written instrument all of them personally appeared before me under name & each of them acknowledge the same to be their act & deed. Thos Gilburt Just Peace. August 16, 1748 Rec’d and accordingly entered from original & examined J.H Chandler Regr’ (6)
In the above deed we see that Philip Goss and Mary Goss are of Brookfield and they are selling land only with Experience Kendall.
That following 8 November, 1745 Philip Goss, Mary Goss of Brookfield, Experience Kendall of Lancaster sell land to Brother John Kendall and it refers to their Honorable Mother Mary Kendall and deceased Honorable Father John Kendall late of Lancaster.
Goss to Kendall —To All People to whom these presents shall come GREETING. Know ye that Philip Goss Junr. And Mary Goss of Brookfield and Experience Kendall of Lancaster all in the County of Worcester and Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England husbandman & Spinster for and in Consideration of the sum of one hundred pounds lawfull money or equivalent thereto to us in Hand well and truly paid by our Brother John Kendall of Lancaster in the County and Province in New England aforesaid husbandman, the receipt whereof we acknowledge ourselves fully contented and paid to by these forever quit claim unto him the said John Kendall his heirs and assigns forever all our rights, titles _____hand shared and to our Honorable Mother Mary Kendalls third of land laid out and sett out to her as third sence the Deceased of our Honored Father John Kendall late of Lancaster Deceased viz: Twenty six acres in the Homestead and fourty acres lying near or adjoining to a place called Wolf Swamp in Lancaster as also Twenty nine acres more or of land lying in Leominister lying near the North River in said Leominster the particular butts and bounds of the aforesaid track of land may more fully appear by the record of Lancaster for the Town of Lancaster and in the Judge of Probates office for the County of Worcester as also all our Right Title ____and Shares in and to our aforesaid Hon’d mother Mary Kendall personal Estate of what name nature or demomination forever, we the said Philip Goss Mary Goss and Experience Kendal for the consideration as aforesd. Do by these presents forever quit claim ___ to him the said John Kendall his heirs _________ land assigns all Right Title and Shares or interest in and to the aforesaid premises with the appurt’ces privileges and commodities to the same belonging or in any manner of ways appertaining to him the said John Kendall his heirs and assigned forever all our Right Title Estates Interest and Demands whatsoever that we have had in and to the above mentioned premises by any ways or means whatsoever. TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said granted Conveyed and acquitted premises with all the privileges and accommodations thereunto belonging or in any manner of ways appertaining to him the said John Kendall, his heirs and assigns forever and we the said Philip Goss Mary Goss and Experience Kendall do by these presents forever debarr ourselves our heirs, excut’r, adm’s and assigned or any other persons whatforever _____us of holding or claiming any part of particular of the afore’d premises.
In Witness where of we have hereunto sett our hands and affixed our seal this tenth day of January anno Domini 1744/45 and in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign Lord George the Second King. We Philip Goss (Seal) Mary Goss (Seal) Experience X Kendall & Seal Signed (page 206) Signed Sealed and Deliv In presence of John Gilburt Jr. Sarah Gilbert her X mark _________________ John Rugg Worcester & Brookfield November 8th 1745. Then Philip Goss Junr and Mary Goss his wife and Experience Kendall all of them subscribers to the above instrument personally appeared before me under name and each of them acknowledged the same to be their act and deed. Thos Gilburt Justice of Peace Sept 7, 1746 Rec and accordingly entered & sealed John Chandler Regr. (7)
In summary we have a Mary Kendall born in 1721 in Lancaster to a John Kendall. This Mary Kendall was not born in Woburn. We learned that a man named John Kendall died about 1740 in Lancaster. His Estate papers only covered the Distribution of his Real Estate which gave 1/3 to his widow named Mary Kendall/Kindell and the remaining 2/3’s of his land to his children John Kendall a son, Mary Kendall a daughter and Experience Kendall another daughter. We also see that a Mary Kendall, widow of John Kendall was appointed the guardian of both Mary Kendall, age about 18 years and Experience Kendall age about 17 years. In the guardianship papers a John Kendall sign the documents as well.
In delving deeper into the three deeds found in the Worcester County Deed Registry, we see that a Philip Goss of Brookfield was involved with the distribution of the lands of John Kendall. He is included along with a Mary Kendall, widow, son John Kendall, sister Experience Kendall. Philip and Mary Goss are listed of Brookfield in two of the deeds. In the first deed she is Mary Goss of Lancaster, apparently she had not made the move yet from Lancaster to Brookfield till January of 1745.
It is my belief as a result of finding these documents that this Mary Kendall baptized 21
April, Sept, 1721 in Lancaster was the lady who married Philip Goss IV b. 1724, intentions recorded in April 1744. This lady was not the daughter of John Kendall and Deborah Richardson of Woburn but, instead, the daughter of John Kendall d. 1740 and Mary (_____) of Lancaster.
In the next post I will discuss the many theories of the parentage of this John Kendall who died in 1740 in Lancaster, husband to Mary _____, and father to John, Mary and Experience.
Sources for this post are listed below. In the information presented above please look for the parentheses with a number and then seek out that number in the sources below. Example: (number).
(1) Mary Kendall’s birth: First Church, Book 1, 1708-1847 Baptisms page 277 The Birth, Marriage and Death Register, Church Records and Epitaphs of Lancaster, Massachusetts 1643-1850, Edited by Henry S. Nourse, A.M. by Higginson Book Company, Salem, Massachusetts, Reprint 1890. This book is available online at Internet Archive for viewing and downloading. Additional Info: Experience Kendal is also listed First Church, Book 1, at the bottom of the page 277 Dec 1, 1723 Experience daughter of John Kendall. The son, John Kendal is listed on page 276 under 1719 John Son of John Kendall.
(2) Estate File of John Kendall 1740 #Card Case #34603 Series A., Kendall John Residence Lancaster. Massachusetts, Worcester county probate files 1731 to 1881. Adm’r Distribution. Online at FamilySearches’ website under Worcester Co., MA probate files.
NOTE: The actual probate files that contain original documents are to sometimes very mixed up and in the wrong order, so proceed with caution. I found FamilySearches’ (FamilyHistoryLibrary) filming to be very mixed up. I also looked at American Ancestors website (NEHGSociety) and their order of the file was in better shape. What you see above is my version of what the documents order should be. Open the PDF and you will see how the distribution written by the appraisers should read.
(3) Guardianship of Mary Kendal1 #34648 Series A. Lancaster 1740, Vol. 198 page 260, Worcester Co., MA probates. Online at FamilySearch (Family History Library)
(4) Guardianship of Experience Kendall 1740 #Guardianship of Experience Kindel #34564 Series A, Oct. 1740 Vol. 198, page 259, Worcester Co., MA probate court. Online at Family Search (Family History Library)
(5) Deed dated 22 November, 1744, Philip Goss, Mary Goss, Mary Kendall, Experience Kendall and John Kendall to Wm. Richardson, Book 36, page 120, Worcester County (Mass.) deeds (1722 to 1866) and index to deeds (1731-1889), 1722-1889.
(6) Deed dated 18 September, 1745 Philip Goss, Mary Goss and Experience Kendall to Gardner Wilder of Leominister, Book 27, page 46.Worcester County (Mass.) deeds (1722 to 1866) and index to deeds (1731-1889), 1722-1889.
(7) Deed dated 8 November, 1745 Philip Goss, Mary Goss, Experience Goss to brother John Kendall, Book 21, pages 205 to 206. Worcester County (Mass.) deeds (1722 to 1866) and index to deeds (1731-1889), 1722-1889.