Solomon Goss is the man this blog is named after. He is my 4th great grandfather. He is a son of Philip Goss IV and Mary Kendall and brother to Sarah, Nathaniel, Philip, David, Mary and Ebenezer.
I wrote a great many past posts about his life in Ohio, his children, and his descendants on this blog. You can find a listing at this link. It is a table of contents of the posts already written:
You will find the table of contents for their children here: https://sgossfamily.wordpress.com/solomon-and-olive-scott-gosss-children-an-overview/
At that time, I mentioned, but not in depth, his origins and his life in the Wyoming Valley, which became Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania. I confined my posts to his time in Ohio.
I am now at a point where I need to review Solomon’s birth in Granville and then to write about his life in the Wyoming Valley. This will cover his life in the Plymouth District which included Huntington Twp. His activity during the Revolutionary War. His life in Luzerne County till about 1790 when he made a decision to leave and migrated to Ohio taking his wife Olive and children. At that point, I will have covered the life of Solomon Goss and Olive Scott Goss.
Solomon Goss’s birth in Granville, Massachusetts
Solomon Goss was born in Granville, Massachusetts on 16 June 1754. His brother David had been born two years before in 1752 and their sister Mary would be born in 1757. David Goss has been discussed in recent past posts. Mary Goss will be discussed in future posts.
Here are two past posts that have information about the birth of Solomon Goss:
Philip Goss and Mary move to Granville, MA and the family grows by three (3) more children, September 24, 2017
Granville, Massachusetts – An Overview of the area…October 1, 2017 https://sgossfamily.wordpress.com/2017/10/01/granville-massachusetts-an-overview-of-the-area/
Source: Granville Town Clerk, birth cards for Philip & Sarah Goos, and Philip and Marah Goss, 3 x 5 cards in their vital records files at the Granville Town Hall.
These are what you will find at the Town Hall in Granville. Yes, they are 3 x 5 cards and if you ask for a record this is what you will receive in the mail stamped by the clerk from their office.
The source below is: The Massachusetts Town and Vital Records 1620 to 1988, have the actual pages of the Granville Town vitals showing the births of David and Solomon Goss. It looks like this. I got this from the film FHL #185380. Ancestry.com also has this version and the published at their website.
Another source is the published book: Vital Records of Granville, Massachusetts to the year 1850, Published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society…1914, page 44 and 45. This book is online at Internet Archive for viewing and downloading.
Goos Philip & Sarah
d. Mary May 6, 1757
s. Solomen June 16, 1754
s. David June 14, 1752
Goss Philip & Marah
s. David June 14, 1752
s. Solomon June 16, 1754
Migration to the Wyoming Valley
Philip Goss IV and Mary Kendall were a very restless couple. They were not satisfied with Granville. So, Philip headed to Becket, Massachusetts and settled there for a time. This is where Ebenezer Goss was born, more on him in future posts. It was from Becket that Philip Goss decided to go to the Wyoming Valley. I am not really surprised, I have been to Becket and I am sure the land was difficult to farm; however, the land in the Wyoming Valley was great for farming and Philip was probably trying to find good land for his sons and daughters. See my past posts on this blog about Philip Goss and Mary’s migrations from Brookfield to Simsbury, to Granby, to North Granby, to Granville, and Becket, Massachusetts and then to the Wyoming Valley in 1769.
Solomon Goss was only 15 years old in 1769. This is probably why he does not appear in the first 200 settler lists for the Wyoming Valley. It was a couple years later when he starts appearing in the records.
This might be Solomon Goss’ first appearance in July of 1772:
Solomon Goss appears on 1 July 1772 at Wyoming in the List of Settlers at Susquehanna written by the Committee of Settlers at the time, we find the following names which do not appear in the May or the June list previously mentioned. Thomas Cooper, Harris Colt, Manasseh Cady – 28th, Thomas Ells, Nathan Dart, William Gallup, Solomon Goss, etc…
Source The History of Wilkes Barre Vol. II, page 741. Solomon would be about 18 years old at this time.
On 3 October 1772 Solomon Goss appears with his father Philip and brother Nathaniel Goss in a
Petition of the Inhabitants of Wyoming to the Connecticut General Assembly, Wilkes-Barre.
Source: The History of Wilkes-Barre Vol. III, pages 750-52.
Almost a year later, Solomon Goss appears on 3 April 1773 on a Petition of John Durkee and Others, Susquehanna Settlers for a County. Solomon appears twice in the list along with his brother Nathaniel Goss on page 86.
Source: Susquehanna Company Papers Vol. 5, 81-6.
On the day before Christmas 24 December 1773, the settlers sent, one of many,
Petitions to the General Assembly in Hartford in the Colony of Connecticut about their distressed circumstances and asked that a county be erected. This is called the (194) Petition of the Inhabitants of Kingston. It was signed by many of the settlers including Philip, Nathaniel and Solomon Goss.
Source: Vol. V Susquehannah Papers, 1772-1774, Edited by Robert J. Taylor, pg. 215.
Birth of Olive Scott
About this time Solomon Goss married to Olive Scott, a daughter of Obadiah Scott and Hannah How(e). She was born 23 September 1757 in Waterbury, New Haven, Connecticut.
The Barbour Collection of Connecticut Town Vital Records: Waterbury, 1636-1853, Compiled by Jerri L. Burket and General Editor Lorraine C. White, V1, 386. Pg. 324.
Olive, d. (Obadiah & Hannah) b. Sept. 23, 1757,
Another source is: The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, from the Aboriginal Period to the Year Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-five, Edited by Joseph Anderson etc. Vol. 1 page Ap 121 Scott.
Olive. b. Sept. 23, 1757.
Solomon and Olive’s married date is 25 June 1776 and probably in Plymouth Twp., Wyoming Valley or Westmoreland County, Litchfield, CT. I will discuss with a little more detail in a future post.
The Westmoreland Co. Tax Records feature Solomon Goss and other members of the Goss Family. Solomon appears in the Plymouth District Tax Records records for 1776, 1777 and in 1778.
Source: The History of Wilkes-Barre Vol. II, pg 877, 946 and 951. Online at Internet Archive for viewing. Make sure you indicate the Vol. in your search.
See my post about these tax lists here: Westmoreland County Taxables 1776 to 1780…January 21, 2018
Solomon Goss is listed in “The Bill of Losses for the Town of Westmoreland A Bill of Losses Sustained by the Inhabitants of the Town of Westmoreland from the 3rd day of July 1778 to May 1780. He is listed for L31.14 or 31 pounds and 14 shillings. I did not find any other Goss family listed.
Here is an example of what those lists looks like. Can you find Solomon Gofs…
Source: The History of Wilkes-Barre Vol. III, page 1282 (the whole list is 1280 to 1282). Originals found in this source Connecticut Archives, Susquehannah Settlers 1755-1796 Western Lands 1783-1789 Volume One. FHL#3623.
The Decree of Trenton ended Connecticut’s hold on the area of the Wyoming Valley and Pennsylvania took over the governmental jurisdiction. I wrote about this in my post about this: The Decree of Trenton 1782 – The Connecticut Settlers in the Wyoming Valley react…June 10, 2018.
The settlers reacted by requesting land from New York State:
When the Decree of Trenton was declared in 1783, Solomon Goss and his brother Nathaniel Goss were included in the group of settlers regarding a Petition to New York for land in that state. Apparently the settlers were not happy about the decision.
Source: The History of Wilkes Barre, Vol. III, page 1312 (petition for all names 1312 to 1314).
About April 1783, there was a List of Settlers who are actually settlers now Present and claimers of the land. Three of the Goss brothers are listed: Solomon, Nathaniel and Philip.
Source: The History of Wilkes-Barre Vol. III, page 1332-33. David is not listed and of course the father Philip had died at the end of 1779.
The above list of Petitions and Tax lists appear in many other sources for the Wyoming Valley. The History of Wilkes Barre and its volumes are online at Internet Archive for viewing. The Susquehannah Company Paper book series are online at Hathi Trust with limited viewing: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/api/volumes/oclc/319236.html
The following November the 11th of 1783 Solomon Goss signed a Petition to Congress for determining the right of soil in Wilkes-Barre under Article IX. Signers were Nathaniel Gooss, Philip Goss, Solomon Goss, Obad’h Scott.
At Wilkes-Barre, under the date of November 11, 1783, a “Petition, remonstrance and address, to the Honorable Congress of the United States,” had been drawn up and signed by Col. Zebulon Butler and a considerable number of the most prominent inhabitants of Wyoming who had settled here during the period that Connecticut exercised jurisdiction over this region. This document, which was presented to Congress (then sitting at Princeton, New Jersey), early in January, 1784, set forth, briefly, that the petitioners claimed “private right of soil, under the State of Connecticut and within the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the territory westward of the Delaware River which was formerly in controversy between the said States of Pennsylvania and Connecticut; that they were being disturbed in their rights by persons claiming under Pennsylvania, and therefore prayed that a Court might be instituted, under the IX Article of Confederation of States, for determining the said right of soil”
The petition was referred to a committee composed of Thomas Jefferson and Arthur Lee of Virginia and Hugh Williamson of North Carolina, who, on January 23, 1784, made a report, in pursuance of which Congress adopted the following:
Resolved, that Court be instituted, according to the IX Article of the Confederation, for determining the private right of soil within the said territory, so far as the same is by the said Article submitted to the determination of such a Court; that the fourth Monday in June next  be assigned or the appearance of the parties, by their lawful agents, before Congress, or the Committee of States, wheresoever they shall be then sitting; that notice of the assignment of the said day be transmitted by the Secretary of Congress to the Governors of Pennsylvania and Connecticut, with a request that they take proper measures for having the same served on the parties interested under their States respectively.”
Source: From the David Library of the American Revolution: Susquehanna Company Records, 1753-1802 reels. Records of the Connecticut group of settlers and investors who colonized the contested northeastern portion of Pennsylvania in the eighteenth century. Originals are in the Connecticut Historical Society in Hartford, CT. (Film 448). pg. 320 .
With the Decree of Trenton in 1783 Connecticut pulled out its support of the settlers in the Wyoming Valley and the area came under the jurisdiction of Northumberland County. We find listed in tax records for 1786 several Goss Family:
Goss, Solomon, s.m. 300 acres 2 cattle, Tax 1.9.11
Goss, Nathan’l 300 acres 2 horses, 1 cattle, Tax 1.1.10
Goss, Philip 300 acres 2 horses, 1 cattle, Tax 1.1.10
Scot, Obediah 400 acres, 1 horse, 2 cattle, Tax 1.8.10
Source: Pennsylvania Archives Books, Third Series (3), Vol. XIX Supply & State Tax Lists Co., page 686.
We have covered a lot of time from 1772 to 1783 in the life of Solomon Goss and we see that he was politically involved and cared about the land and the issues that were being faced.
In the next posts I will share more information about Solomon’s marriage to Olive Scott, his involvement in the Revolution, his land in Huntington Twp. and his migration to Ohio.