My Goal, at this time, is to continue to write about Philip Goss IV b. 1724 and Mary (Kendall) Goss b. 1721 his wife, and their migrations and eventual settlement in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania. I will be coming back to Lancaster and Brookfield when I finish Philip and Mary’s story. At that time I will delved into the history of Philip Goss III, his father, and Keziah Cooley and her lineage, his grandparents Capt. Philip Goss and Judith Hayward’s life in Brookfield. Capt. Philip Goss’s father Philip Goss I of Roxbury who married first Hannah Hopkins and then Mary Prescott.
Sometime about 1748 Philip and Mary (Kendall) Goss decided to head west. What reasons caused Philip Goss IV to leave Brookfield? This is not an easy answer. Here are some motivations and some might just be of great interest.
- It might have been religious for there was a lot of change going on in the beliefs of many of the citizens of Massachusetts and Connecticut. It was called the “Great Awakening.” We will see evidence of that as we follow the migrations of Philip Goss. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening
- It was probably the lure of land. It was getting difficult to get good land in New England and dividing up the land at the death of a parent was not always a good idea because it would make the acreage too small, besides the children may have moved on by then and were no longer interested.
- It was also the possibility that members of his family like his brother Thomas and his sister Keziah were heading west or going to at a later date.
- It may have also been that his wife, Mary’s family migrated to Connecticut. A deed in the Worcester records recorded 1750 suggests this very strongly. I will present that deed in a future post.
- Philip no longer had ties to the area because his father, mother and grandparents had all passed on and even some of his siblings.
Please do not get Philip Goss IV, of Brookfield, confused with his 1st half cousin Philip Goss who married Hannah Ball and migrated in 1760 from Lancaster to Roxbury, Canada (Warwick) and then to Winchester, New Hampshire.
Below is a chart showing the descendants of Philip Goss of Roxbury and Lancaster who was b. about 1650 and died 1698 in Lancaster. It shows how his descendants go down through the generations. Philip Goss I was married twice. The chart shows on the left his descendants from Hannah Hopkins. On the right are his descendants from his 2nd wife Mary Prescott. On the left is the lineage down to Philip Goss IV b. 1724 in Brookfield to Philip Goss III and Keziah Cooley and on the right is the lineage of Philip Goss b. 1720 Lancaster to John Goss and Mary Woods. Just click on the photo and it will open in another window and also be much clearer to see.
Our Philip Goss IV and his wife Mary (Kendall) Goss left Brookfield about 1748 and headed to Simsbury, Hartford Co., Connecticut and later he would migrate to Pennsylvania.
His half cousin, Philip, who lived in Lancaster, didn’t leave till about 1760 and he then headed to Roxbury, Canada now Warwick, Massachusetts. He then migrated up to Winchester, New Hampshire and settled their living his life out till his end in 1804. His wife Hannah is buried next to him in the Evergreen Cemetery in Winchester, NH. I will write about this family of Philip Goss of Lancaster and his wife Hannah in future posts. Meanwhile, check out the PAGES at the top of this blog that feature past researchers about the descendants of the 2nd marriage of Philip Goss I to Mary Prescott.
Let’s get back to discussing, Philip Goss IV and his wife Mary Kendall. They started selling off the land of his father and grandfather in Brookfield and the land of Mary’s father in Lancaster, from 1744 to 1750. Check out the PAGE at the top of this blog that is a table of contents for the posts written about Philip Goss IV and his wife Mary so you can review.
Philip and Mary (Kendall) Goss sell 85 acres of land in Lancaster to Gardner Wilder of Leominster in March of 1746. They had already sold him land in a deed along with members of Mary’s family. (2)
Deed 1: 27 March, 1746 Philip Goss Junr. and Mary Goss his wife of Brookfield for 35 pounds new tenor sell to Gardner Wilder of Leominster in the County of Worcester, MA.
To all people to whom these presents shall come, Greeting
Know ye that we Philip Goss Jun’r & Mary Goss his wife of Brookfield in the County of Worcester & Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England husbandman & housewife
For and In Consideration of the Sum of Thirty five Pounds new Tenor to us in hand before the ensealing, hereof, well and truly paid by Gardiner Wilder of
Leominister in County and Province aforesaid yeoman. Etc. etc. etc.
….the said Gardner Wilder his Heirs and Assigns forever, forty two acres and one half being one [moiety] or half part of Eighty five acres of Land lying on Lancaster additional grant being the north part thereof the whole being bounded and followeth ____on Chesnut Hill and bound easterly partly on land of Capt. Peter Joslin and partly on Land of Jno Buss southerly on Thomas Wilder westerly partly on land of Thomas Tuckor & partly on Land of Henry Williard and partly on or near to the meadow of John Kendall & others & northerly on Land of John Priest or as the same may be more fully set forth and described by length of lines and points on Compass on the Book of Records of said grant. Etc. etc. etc. Furthermore we the said Philip & Mary Goss to ourselves our Heirs…Gardner Wilder his heirs and assigns……
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands & Seals this Twenty seventh day of March anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and forty six &/In the ninteeth year of his Majesty’s Reign. Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Thomas Gilburt and Thos Gilburt 3rd.
Signed by Philip Goss Jun’r (Seal) and Mary Goss (Seal)
Worcester Brookfield, April 1st 1746: then Philip Goss Junior with Mary his wife subscribers to the within written instrument personally appeared before me under named and acknowledge the same as their act & deed. Thomas Gilburt Just peace, August 16, 1748 Rec’& accordingly entered from the original _____ J. H. Chandler Reg’
Philip Goss in May of 1747 sells land in Brookfield to a Josiah Wheeler in the deed transcribed below. (3)
Deed 2: 28 April, 1747 Philip Goss of Brookfield to Josiah Wheeler, Worcester Co. Land Records, MA, Book 23, page 160-161.
To all people to whom these presents shall come GREETINGS and Know ye that I Philip Goss of Brookfield in the County of Worcester in the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England yeoman for and in consider of the sum of Sixty five pounds in bills of the old tenor to me paid before the ensealing thereof well and truly ____in hand By Josiah Wheeler of the town and county afores’ yeoman the receipt whereof I do acknowledge and my myself therewith fully satisfied and contented and ____and there of and of every part and parcel thereof to exonerate acquit and discharge the said Josiah Wheeler his heirs executors and administrators forever by these presents have given granted bargained sold conveyed and confirmed and by these presents do freely fully and absolutely give grant bargain sell convey and confirm unto him the said Josiah Wheeler his heirs and assigns forever certain tract or parcel of land and meadow lying & being in Western in the County aforesaid viz lying Southerly of the Mill Brook so called and is bounded Easterly on Quabaug River so called westerly on Comon Land and Southerly on Lands now repicted to be Edward _____________________try partly on Comon land and partly on land formerly George Hayward now Josiah Wheelers land the northerly corner being the mouth of the said Mill Brook from thence running by the S” River southwesterly ____corner to a heap of stones thence running westwardly to a heap of stones from thence running northerly to a heap of stones thence easterly to a ditch and thence as the ditch running to a white oak tree marked and _____ thence to the said Mill Brook containing thirty acres of the same more or less.
To Have and to Hold the said grantor and bargained premises with the appurtenances to the said Josiah Wheeler his heirs and assigns forever to his and their ____proper use benefit and behoof and the said Philip Goss to by these presents acknowledge myself to be the of the true of sale and till the ____________of these presents the only proper and lawful owner of the said land and premises and do by these presents firmly bind and oblige/obligate myself my heirs executors and administrators to warrant the _____and the said Josiah Wheeler his heirs and assigns and his and their ____ and peaceable ____________________
To defend against the lawful claims and demands of all persons whatsoever forever. In Witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal this twenty eighth day if Apriel Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and forty seven and in the twentieth year of the Reign of King George the second. Philip Goss Jun’r (Seal)
Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of Thomas Gilburt 3rd Sarah Gilburt: Worcester ss Brookfield ___30 May then Philip Goss the subscriber to this instrument personally appearing before me under named and acknowledged the same to be his act and deed. Thomas Gilburt Just peace November 3, 1747 Received and accordingly entered & examined P. John Chandler Regr.
Deed 3: April of 1748 Philip Goss of Brookfield sells to Job Lane of Bedford in Middlesex 82 + 16 acres of land. You will note that a Thomas Goss was a witness to this deed. Thomas was Philip’s brother.
To all People to whom thefe Prefents shall come, Greeting. Know Ye, that, I Philip Gofs of Brookefield in the County of Worcester in the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England, Hufbandman. For all in Confideration of the sum of one hundred and forty pounds to me in Hand before the Enfealing hereof, well and truly paid by Job Lane Jnr. of Bedford in the County of Middlesex and Province aforesaid ______Receipt of etc.
…do by thefe Prefents, Do freely, fully and abfolutely give, grant, bargain, fell, aliene, convey and confirm, unto him the _____Job Lane. Heirs and Affigns forever one _______or tract or tract of Land containing by Elimination Eighty two acres _______Brookfield aforsaid one piece containing sixteen acres abit more or lefs bonded as follows, Beginning at the stake or heap of stones then running westward to a heap of stones to Abner Brown Corner then running southwardly by a lone wall a stump in so wall then running still southwardly to a heap of stones in the end of abittle then running eastwardly to a black oak _____marked still running eastwardly to a green to where to the Helens Ceofs from thence running northwardly to the first mentioned corner more another containing by elimination forty acres beit more or lefs beginning at a stake and heap of stones then running weftwardly by the Cuntry road to a stake and heap of stones then running north then running southwardly to the first mentioned corner more another containg by elimination five acres being a part of the weft meadow so called beginning at a Black Oak tree near a Brook then running Eaft to ___Brook then running southwardly by said Brook to the dam running weftwardly from the dam to the next mentioned corner more one acre of orchard being at the north end of Capt Gofs deceased orchard bounded eastwardly northwardly and ____on a stone walk and southwardly on sd orchard more the east end of __said Capt Gofs _______born with con…..for yarding southward of sd old Barn and flooring for the ____in sd Barn __________another _____containing twenty acres, beginning a heap of stones, then running southwardly to a stake and heap of stones then running eastwardly to a stake and heap of stones by the clay ____then northwardly by the pond till it comes to Deacon Gilbert’s land then by said Gilberts land to the first mentioned corner…….furthermore the said Phillip Gofs with Mary Gofs my wife for ourselves….Sealed with our Seal Dated this Eleventh day of April annoque domini 1748. Signed: Phillip Gofs (Seal), Mary Gofs (Seal
Signed Sealed and Delivered in Prefence of Thomas Gofs, Thomas Gilbert, April 22, 1748. Worcefter ss: April 12, 1748, then Phillip Gofs the subscriber to this inftument pefsonally appearing before me acknowledged the same to be his acts and deed, Thomas Gilbert Juft of Peace. Received & accordingly enter’d & Examined P.J. Chandler Regr.
Many books and authors have stated that Mary Kendall died and Philip remarried to Hannah Ball. I have presented many deeds and sources in past posts on this blog showing the activities of Mary (Kendall) Goss and Philip Goss regarding land transactions in Brookfield and Lancaster from 1744 to 1748. The names on these deeds are Philip Goss of Brookfield and Mary, not Philip Goss of Lancaster and Hannah.
Philip Goss of Lancaster filed his intentions of marriage to Hannah Ball on 16 April, 1748 in Lancaster (5) and married Hannah on 12 May, 1748 in Bolton. (6) The date on the above deed to Job Lane has Mary signing it on the 11th day of April.
We now leave Brookfield and Lancaster and head west and we leave Massachusetts and head to Connecticut. We will pick up Philip Goss IV’s trail in Simsbury, Hartford Co., Colony of Connecticut.
Sources for the above post. Seek out the parentheses with a # (number) above for the information below:
1.) Goss family Townships, Luzerne County, Penn. Mayflower ancestry. : Philip (4) Goss Sr., called “of Brookfield, Mass.”, and some of his descendants. Pioneer, proprietor, patriot of Plymouth & Huntington, by Paul Henry Goss, 1949, page 2 FHL Film #942004, Item 6. https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE94333
You can find these deeds online at FamilySearch’s website.
2.) Deed 1: 27 March, 1746 Philip Goss Junr. and Mary Goss his wife of Brookfield for L35 new tenor sell 85 acres to Gardner Wilder of Leominster in the County of Worcester, MA. Land Records: Book 27, page 47. This deed is signed by both Philip and Mary Goss. This is a form deed with space for handwritten information. So the transcription is not as complete.
3.) Deed 2: 28 April, 1747 Philip Goss of Brookfield to Josiah Wheeler L65 for 30 acres, Worcester Co. Land Records, MA, Book 23, page 160-161.
4.) Deed 3: April of 1748 Philip Goss of Brookfield sells to Job Lane of Bedford in Middlesex 82 + 16 acres of land. Worcester Co. Land Records Vol. 24, p. 427, Massachusetts Land Records, 1620 to 1986 – Family Search. Online, Image 531, Deeds 1746-1748 vol. 23 to 24.
5.) Birth, Marriage and Death Register, Church Records and Epitaphs or Lancaster, Massachusetts 1643-1850, edited by Henry S. Nourse, A.M., Lancaster, 1890. Page 32 after No. 21 for the Intentions of Marriage.
6.) Marriage of Philip Goss to Hannah Ball, 12 May 1748 in Bolton, by Rev. Thos. Goss, Massachusetts Town and Vital Records 1620-1988, Ancestry.com.