Philip Goss IV and his marriage to Mary Kendall!

Philip Goss IV (b. 1724 d. 1778), son of Philip and Keziah (Cooley) Goss, married Mary Kendall in 1744 in Lancaster. The actual marriage record apparently was not recorded and only the intention appeared dated 7 June, 1744, Lancaster, Massachusetts (1)

Here is a copy of the actual page of the journal or book that has the intention for Philip Goss and Mary Kendall in the records of Lancaster, Massachusetts.  As you can see it is basically a list of names. If you can find the number 35 you will find the record. Just click the picture and it will open up for a larger view.

Philip & Mary’s Intention to marry

It reads Philip Goss of Brookfield enters his intentions of marriage with Mary Kendal of Lancaster November 18, 1744. (2)

Here is an explanation of what an intention of marriage meant:

In some cases we have records of the intention to marry, but no record of the marriage ceremony…It seems likely that the majority of couples for whom only intentions are recorded did in fact marry...in the early part of this period the betrothed couple was legally bound, and the union could not be causally broken, even before the marriage ceremony. The lack of a marriage record, then, would seem to be more often a failure of registration than of the ceremony itself.” Studies in American Historical Demography: Studies in Population, page 408 Journal of Marriage and the family August 1973, online.

In several past posts about the life of Philip Goss IV from 1740 to 1749, I mentioned several deeds that involved a Philip Goss and Mary Goss and other Kendall’s. In each of these deeds we see that Philip is given as Philip Goss  of Brookfield.  To me the location is important, because it separates him from others who had the same name. We see in the following deed summaries that Mary Goss and Philip Goss are mentioned together implying that they are married. We see that Mary (Kendall) Goss is still living as of 11 April 1748 according to the last deed.

First Deed: 22 November, 1744 Grantors We Mary Kendall spinster, John Kendall husbandman, Experience Kendall spinster, Mary Goss all of Lancaster and Philip Goss of Brookfield…for the sum of 80 pounds old money paid in hand by William Richardson of Lancaster…signed in the presence of Ebenezer Kendall, [Nathan] Rugg, This was not recorded till 1755. (3)

Second Deed: A deed of Philip Goss Jr, Mary Goss of Brookfield, Experience Kendal of Lancaster 18 September, 1745, receive 7 pounds ten shillings lawful money from Gardner Wilder of Leominister…40 roods of meadow land in Lancaster… (4)

Third Deed of several pages was done on 8 November, 1745 with Philip Goss, Mary Goss of Brookfield , Experience Kendall of Lancaster as grantors, for the sum of one hundred pounds paid by our Brother John Kendall (grantee) of Lancaster…rights and titles intras had shares in and to our honorable mother Mary Kendall third of land laid out and lett out to her as third ____of the Deceased of Honoured Father John Kendall, late of Lancaster…..(5)

Another Deed:  27 March, 1746 Philip Goss Junr. and Mary Goss his wife of Brookfield for 35 pounds new tenor from Gardner Wilder of Leominster in the county of Worcester, MA, 42 acres in Lancaster. This deed is signed by both Philip and Mary Goss. (6) 

Still another Deed:  11 April, 1748 I, Philip Goss of Brookfield, 140 pounds from Job Lane of Bedford in Middlesex Co., 82 acres, plus 16 acres, signed by Philip Goss and Mary Goss. (7) Deed recorded August 16, 1748. 

Philip Goss IV was born 18 November, 1724 to Philip & Keziah Goss in Brookfield. Here is the original entry in the town clerk books. (8)  This Philip Goss who married Keziah Cooley was a son of Capt. Philip Goss and they all resided in Brookfield from about 1705 onward.

Philip Goss’ birth record in Brookfield shows his parents are Philip & Keziah Goss.

Please do not confuse Philip Goss IV born 1724 in Brookfield to Philip Goss and Keziah Cooley and who died 1778 in Pennsylvania with his half-cousin Philip Goss of Lancaster who married Hannah Ball on May 12, 1748 in Bolton. The intentions for this marriage were recorded 16 April, 1748 in Lancaster. (9) This half cousin was a son of John Goss and Mary Woods and he was born about 1720. This Philip of Lancaster migrated to New Hampshire about 1760.

I traveled to Winchester, New Hampshire in 2011 and visited the tombstones for this Philip Goss and Hannah Goss in the Evergreen Cemetery in Winchester, New Hampshire stating that this Philip Goss died in his 84th year on April 17, 1804.  This means he was born 1720. (10) Unfortunately, I have not yet found a record that gives his actual birth date that is not from a secondary source (histories, manuscripts by others) and I have been all over the Lancaster sources.  I have found deeds that definitely connect this Philip with John Goss of Lancaster.

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Sources for this post – Seek out the parenthesis (number)

(1) The published version of Philip Goss and Mary Kendall’s intention of marriage:

The Birth, Marriage and Death Register, Church Records and Epitaphs of Lancaster, Massachusetts 1643-1850. Edited by Henry S. Nourse, A.M., Higginson Book Company, Salem, Massachusetts, Reprint 1890, Chapter VI, Book I, Town Records of Births, Publishments, Marriages and Deaths, Begins 1726 page 21, Intentions of Marriage, page 30. This book is available online at Internet Archive and searching there as well as Ancestry.com; however the last source does not do a proper citation. Mr. Nourse wrote many books so make sure you get the correct one.

(2) Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, Worcester County,Births of Children in Brookfield, Massachusetts to Philip Goss and Keziah Goss – Journal entries of Brookfield, Some original journal entries are at Ancestry.com.

I will be transcribing the following deeds in detail and will present them in full in future posts, meanwhile you can find them at Family Search online.

(3) First Deed: 22 November, 1744, Philip Goss, Mary Goss, Mary Kendall and John Kendall to Wm. Richardson, Book 36, page 120, Worcester County (Mass.) deeds (1722 to 1866) and index to deeds (1731-1889), 1722-1889. 

(4) Second Deed: 18 September, 1745 Philip Goss, Mary Goss and Experience Kendall to Gardner Wilder of Leominister. Book 27, page 46.

(5) Third Deed: 8 November, 1745 Philip Goss, Mary Goss, Experience Goss to brother John Kendall, Book 21, pages 205 to 206. Worcester County (Mass.) deeds (1722 to 1866) and index to deeds (1731-1889), 1722-1889. 

(6) Deed: 27 March, 1746 Philip Goss Junr. and Mary Goss his wife of Brookfield to Gardner Wilder of Leominster in the County of Worcester Co. Land Records, MA, Book 27, page 47. 

(7) Deed: 11 April, 1748, I, Philip Goss of Brookfield to Job Lane of Bedford in Middlesex Co., Worcester Co. Land Records, Book 24, page 427. Image 531, Deeds 1746-1748 vol. 23 to 24. This deed does not mention Mary Goss at the beginning of the deed, but she does sign next to her husband at the bottom.

(8) Birth of Philip Goss IV Published version: Philip, s. Phillip and Keziah, Nov. 18, 1724, Vital Records of Brookfield, Massachusetts to the end of the year 1849, Birth, Marriages & Deaths, pges. 106, 211, 324, 492 Philip Goss, Worcester, Massachusetts, Franklin P. Rice, Trustee of the Fund, 1909.

Copies of Original Records: Births of Children in Brookfield, Massachusetts to Philip Goss and Keziah Goss, Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, Ancestry.com. 

(9) Marriage of Philip Goss of Lancaster, to Hannah Ball: Early Massachusetts Marriages, Prior to 1800 as found on Ancient Court Records of the Counties of Middlesex, Hamsphire, Berkshire and Bristol, 3rd Book, “Bolton” pg. 40-41 and Concord pg. 37, Publ. by Frederic W. Bailey, Worcester, Massachusetts. 

pg. 40 Under Bolton: June 24, 1738, “Part of Lancaster established as Bolton. First (Unitarian) Church organized 1740. Friends, 1799. Officiating clergymen mentioned: Rev. Thomas Goss, Rev. John Walley. – 3rd from bottom: Marriages: “Philip Goss of Lancaster & Hannah Ball, May 12, 1748.

(10) Burial of Philip Goss and Hannah Ball in Evergreen Cemetery, Winchester, New Hampshire Find A Grave #114082137 for Philip Goss and #114082160 for Hannah. There are other Goss in this cemetery. The graves are located behind the large dominating white sign and to the left in the front row. NOTE: Please be careful with Find A Grave. I have found mistakes with the Goss Family information and the incorrect children listed with the different Philips.

Posted in Evergreen Cemetery Winchester, John Goss b. 1693 and Mary Woods, John Kendall & Mary, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Philip Goss b. 1720 d. 1804 and Hannah Ball, Philip Goss III b. circa 1700 and Keziah Cooley 1702, Philip Goss IV & Mary (Kendall) Goss, Roxbury Canada (Warwick MA), Winchester | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

A Mother and a Daughter named Keziah of Brookfield, MA – Part II

In the last post, Part I, I talked about Keziah (Cooley) Goss’s life and her remarriage to Timothy Brown. Let’s take a look at her daughter Keziah Goss Haskell Rose and see what we can learn about her life. The goal is to clarify that they were two different people.

I quoted from Paul H. Goss’s article in the Cooley Association Bulletin in the last post. Let’s revisit a portion of that article:

“The records of Hardwick, Brookfield, and Granville, Massachusetts show clearly that daughter Keziah Goss had (2) husbands marrying first 20 August 1745 at Hardwick when she was 15.5 years old to Zachariah HASKELL (born 11 April 1718, died 24 October 1759), son of John and Mehetabel (CLARK) HASKELL.

That she married a second time on 23 June 1761 to John ROSE of Granville, Massachusetts (born 18 February 1719/20, died 1788) a son of Jonathan and Abigail (HALE) ROSE. John ROSE had married 1st on 9 May 1745 to Ruth HOLCOMB (born 9 March 1724 and died 2 April 1759) daughter of Nathaniel and Thankful (HAYES) HOLCOMB (Granville Vital Records).

The History of Hardwick states that Keziah GOSS of Brookfield, and Hardwick Vital Records adds “Kezia GOSS married 20 August 1745, Zachariah HASKELL,” thus making certain that Keziah GOSS, who became the wife of Zachariah HASKELL was the daughter of Philip and Keziah (COOLEY) GOSS. Her sister Hannah GOSS born 4 September 1726 had married 12 November 1742 to Thomas HASKELL, son of John. (See page on Hardwick Families.)

So we find, daughter Keziah (GOSS) HASKELL is left a widow when she is 29 years old with a family of six children the eldest 12 years old and the youngest a baby. John ROSE of Granville, Massachusetts had 7 children by Ruth HOLCOMB (Granville Records) and John ROSE had 4 children by widow Keziah (GOSS) HASKELL ROSE.” (1)

Keziah Goss Haskell Rose:

Keziah Goss was born on 29 October, 1730 to Philip Goss III (b. 1700 d. 1742) and Keziah Cooley in Brookfield, MA (b. 1702 d. about 1745). (2) She married to Zachariah Haskell, some times spelled Zechariah, on 20 August 1745 in Hardwick, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. (3)

Keziah (Goss) Haskell was about 15.5 years old at her marriage. Her parents Philip Goss III and Keziah (Cooley) Goss had both died by 1745 so it was probably best for her to marry. Her sister Hannah was married (4), her sister Judith was under the guardianship of Solomon Keyes (5), and brother Thomas was also under the guardianship of their brother Philip Goss IV (b. 1724 d. 1778). (6)

Mostly importantly, her brother Philip Goss IV was getting ready to leave for the west. He was selling off land in Brookfield all through 1742 to 1749. I refer you two my previous posts about Philip Goss IV and his life in Brookfield 1740 to 1745 and a second post about his life in Brookfield and Lancaster 1745 to 1749.

The question is, who gave the permission for Keziah to marry? It might have been her brother Philip and/or her grandfather Capt. Philip Goss. It is uncertain if Timothy Brown had any authority after his remarriage to Hannah Wright in February of 1745. I did not see a guardianship in the probate records of Worcester Co. about this issue. Perhap further study of Worcester Co. court records might be in order.

Keziah Goss and Zachariah Haskell resided in Hardwick were he had land and was a tailor. (7)  Zachariah Haskell was part of a large family that resided in Hardwick descending from Thomas White of Marblehead and Mark Haskell of Beverly, Mass. (8)

Tragedy strikes for Keziah (Goss) Haskell. Her husband Zachariah Haskell passes away on 24 October, 1759. Here is a summary of the Estate of Zachariah Haskell, #28007 Worcester Co., Probate files.  The summary below, is a transcription of the Probate Docket page of the court records, written and maintained by the court clerk of Worcester Co., No. 28007 Zachariah Haskell, Hardwick Died Oct. 24, 1759. (9)

  1. Petition for administration by Kezia Haskell 
  2. 1759, Dec. 7 Bonds L100 Constant Mirick & Thomas Haskell sureties Bk. 176, pg. 185
  3. 1759, Dec. 7 Letter Bk 107, pg. 236
  4. 1759, Dec. 7, Warrant of Appraisal and Inventory L125-4-11-1 Bk 6 pg. 316
  5. 1760, Aug 18 Account Bal. $13-11-01/2 Allowed & L10 Decreed Widow Aug 18 Bk 6, pg. 477
  6. 1761 List of Debts and License Bond L200 Constant Mirick suriety Bk 220, pg. 332
  7. 1762, Oct. 11 Account Bal. L61-0-7/14 Allowed and Distribtn to heirs ordered Oct. 11, Bk 8, pg. 22

The above is very cool, Kezia (Goss) Haskell or as she signed the papers “Keesa” is the administrator of the estate of her husband Zachariah Haskell in Hardwick. She is now 29 years old and the mother of 6 children with Zachariah.  During the probate process Keziah remarries to John Rose in 1761. She also requested that Constant Mirick be the guardians of her underage children. (10)

Probate of Zachariah Haskell, probably the Accounting for the estate. Shows Keziah as Keziah Rose and mention marriage to John Rose.

The death of Zachariah set’s in motion the migration of Keziah (Goss) Haskell to Granville, Massachusetts where she remarried John Rose 23 June, 1761. (8) As you can see from the above estate summary the probate process started at the end of 1759 and ended at the end of 1762, a good year and half after Keziah and John Rose’s marriage. They must have been going back and forth or their responses were being mailed. (11)

On my trip to Massachusetts in 2011 I visited Hardwick, MA.  I drove up from West Brookfield through Gilbertville to Hardwick and toured the area. Here is a portion of my post, written on my Massachusetts Meanderings blog which I will be retiring from the web soon and making a page on this blog for reference to it.  Tuesday, April 12, 2011: Hardwick, East Brookfield, Sterling & Lancaster!

Gilbertville to Hardwick

Today I wanted to drive north to Hardwick about 20 minutes away.  This is where Keziah (Goss) and Zachariah Haskell married 20 July 1745. This Keziah was a daughter of Philip Goss and Keziah Cooley.  Hardwick records are in the Town Hall of Gilbertville….It was lovely country.  I made the sharp right turn to Gilbertville and found Hwy 32 and headed north.

Gilbertville on the way to Hardwick, MA 2011

Gilbertville
I stopped at the Hardwick Grocery & Package Store and asked to use the facilities and they refused.  I then asked if they had ice and they said yes and then they let me use the facilities which were behind the purchase counter. 

Gilbertville is long and the highway is pretty much were things are located on both sides.  The government buildings were first on the right as you went north.  The town library was a stately building after the church.  The hours are short so you do have to make sure you  check them before heading to them.

Village of Hardwick
I proceeded up the road on Hwy 32 and spotted the sign the Village of Hardwick.  Much to my amazement I found the loveliest town with a large village green and a cemetery next to the old town hall building! I need to learn more about this cemetery.  It didn’t have a sign.  I suppose it is the Hardwick Cemetery or something like that. Find A Grave has a Hardwick Central Cemetery but it doesn’t look like this little one next to the old courthouse. It appears to be up the road further north?

Me at the cemetery in Hardwick. It was hard to read the stones.

Hardwick Cemetery and Church

I spotted the Paige Memorial Library just a little way beyond the village green.  Of course everything was closed but I knew that and now that I know more I can make some inquiries later. 

Paige Library Hardwick, MA

Much to my good fortune a nice man was walking along and he made a comment about taking my photo in from of the church and I responded how about in front of the cemetery?  His name was Dennis and he was from Florida he was visiting his family.  What a happy spur of the moment!  

I wandered around taking photos and discovered that they have the Hardwick Historical Society right there in the center of the town. I do remember that they didn’t have a website and I was running out of time in preparation for this trip.  So I will probably have to write or call them.  This means I cannot do a link to them.  I guarantee there is a building there with a lot of old items inside – yes I peered through the windows. It would be very easy and free if they set up a blog for their society.   

I wonder if they have a listing for the internments in the cemetery? I am looking for Zachariah Haskell who married Keziah Goss daughter of Philip (III) and Keziah Cooley.  No one seems to know where he is buried or if he died in Hardwick? For all I know Philip might even be buried there?  No record can be found on Philip Goss (III died 1742) son of Capt. Philip and Judith Goss.  I am still checking around!!

Zachariah Haskell had land in the area:  I found this in one of the history books.  Sorry, I was moving real fast to get ready for this trip and running out of time.  There is so much information to process and research I would like to do.  Here is the description it is to the east of the town: 

 “Zechariah the f. was a tailor, and resided about a hundred rods northerly from the turnpike on the road from Mandell Hill to Ruggles Hill.”

Ruggles Hill Road in Hardwick, MA

If my calculations are correct he was about 1/3 of a mile from the road.  Now what is the turnpike?  Anyone there know what they might be talking about? I have found the two hills.  I did drive down Barre Road for about a mile and it is lovely country and that road takes you between these two mountains.  Barre might not be the correct road?  Perhaps a deed or something or even an estate file might reveal something.  It is worth checking.  

As you can see from my visit to Hardwick I had lots of questions about Keziah and her life with Zachariah Haskell back then.  I have clarified some of them but still working on others. The History of Hardwick suggests that Hannah (Goss) Haskell is buried in the cemetery that I have featured.  It is listed on Find A Grave as the Old Hardwick Cemetery. Hannah is not listed on the Find A Grave for this cemetery.

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=1993625&CScntry=4&CSst=21&CScnty=1186&CSsr=281&

In summary, we see that there were two women named Keziah, the mother and the daughter.  The mother Keziah (Cooley) Goss 1702 to 1745 is the one the remarried to Timothy Brown someone more her contemporary.  Her daughter Keziah Goss 1730 to 1815 and who married first Zachariah Haskell and then after his death in 1759, she remarried to John Rose in 1761 and migrated from Hardwick to near Granville.

The story of these two women is not yet complete. I will return to them to go in depth with Zachariah’s estate, their children, Keziah’s migration to Granville, marriage to John Rose and their children, her burial in the Norton Cemetery in East Otis in the Berkshires and other Haskell’s that migrated there.

At this time, I need to move on and continue with the story of the son and brother of these two women, Philip Goss IV (b. 1724 d. 1778).

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Sources seek out the parentheses (*)

(1) Keziah Cooley Goss, Quarterly Bulletin of the Cooley Association,   Article by Paul H. Goss in several volumes of the bulletin. The Cooley Family Association of America, 39 Woodland Place, Fort Thomas, Kentucky.   Housed at the DAR Library 2nd Floor, upper level to R. of Desk, top shelf Oversized Red Book. (DAR Library has Vol. 1-7, 8, 9, 10 and 12.) The articles below were short and spread throughout several volumes in a series. I am not sure if I have the citation totally correct but I have gone through it several times. 

  • Vol. I, No. 1, October 1939, page 1 – Keziah (Cooley) Goss – Cover page
  • Vol. III, No. 8, April 1942, page 2 to 3 – Start of the series: Keziah (Cooley) Goss, Contributed by Paul H. Goss. Discusses Benjamin Cooley and the descent to Keziah and her marriage to Philip Goss. 
  • Vol. III, No. 4, July 1942, page 3 to 4. Keziah’s marriage to Timothy Brown and the confusion with her daughter Keziah Goss.
  • Vol. III, No. 1, October 1942,  page 3 to 4  Deaths of Keziah and Philip and lack of a burial location, Paul’s speculation on the fate of Keziah (Cooley) Goss Brown, that she and Timothy went to Granville. 
  • Vol. IV, No. 2, January 1943, page 9 to 10 More on the migration to Granville, Simsbury and Becket. 
  • Vol. IV, No. 3 April 1943, page 15 to 23, Keziah (Cooley) Goss. The Children of Keziah Cooley Goss.

There is also a description of the Goss-Seward Reunion in the Quarterly Bulletin.  Vol. VIII, October 1946, No. 1, page 4.  Paul went to Pennsylvania on this trip.

Both Paul Goss and Flora Osborn, cousins and Goss researchers, were members of the Cooley Association of America which still exists and you can find some really good information at this link: http://www.cooleyfamilyassociation.com/index.html As a Cooley descendant I could join.

(2) Birth of Keziah Goss, Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, database on-line, Under Kerrah Goss, born 17 Mar 1730 Brookfield, MA father Plillip Goss mother Keziah Goss, at Ancestry.com from the original record

(3) Keziah Goss’s marriage to Zachariah Haskell.Vital Records of Hardwick, Early Vital Records of Massachusetts from 1600 to 1850, page 186 Haskel. http://ma-vitalrecords.org/MA/Worcester/Hardwick/ Also includes the births of the children.

(4) Sister Hannah’s marriage to brother Thomas Haskell, Vital Records of Brookfield Early Vital Records of Massachusetts from 1600 to 1850, page 336 Haskel. Online at this website. http://ma-vitalrecords.org/MA/Worcester/Brookfield/

(5) Judith’s guardianship:  Judith Goss, Brookfield, Guardianship #24898 Series 8 Vol. 233, page 34  January/Feb 1745. Bond, Vol. 196 page 250, witnessed by her brother Philip Goss and others. Case no. 24866-24948 Gorham, John-Gould, Curtis, 1731-1881. Worcester Probate Records on line at FamilySearch under Worcester Probate Files.

(6) Thomas Goss’s guardianship. Thomas Goss, Brookfield, Guardianship #24910 Worcester Co., Probate File, 4 February, 1745. Worcester County, Probate files, 1731-1881. Case no. 24866-24948 Gorham, John-Gould, Curtis, 1731-1881. Worcester Probate Records on line at FamilySearch.

(7) History of Hardwick, Massachusetts with a Genealogical Register, Lucius R. Paige, Houghton, Mifflin, 1883, page 390. Thomas and Zachariah were brothers and sons of John Haskell a son of Mark a son of Roger Haskell. This is online at Internet Archive (archive.org)

(8) Haskell Genealogy: The Descendants of Thomas White of Marblehead and Mark Haskell of Beverly, Mass. with a brief notice of the Coombs Family. Compiled by Perley Derby, Salem, Mass. page 36 Roger Haskell Descendants, Boston, Press of David Clapp & Son, 1872. Roger Haskell page 36-37, Children of Roger, to son Mark who had a John born 1681 and this might be the lineage to Thomas and Zachariah. This is online at Internet Archives.

(9) Death of Zachariah Haskell. Worcester County, Massachusetts Probate records, Probate Docket #28007, Hardwick died Oct. 24, 1759. Court clerks summary of the probate process. Online at FamilySearch.

(10) Estate of Zachariah Haskell #28007, 1759, Hardwick, Worcester Co., Massachusetts Probate files. Kezia (Goss) Haskell and later Rose as administrator of his estate. This is the actual original probate file available at FamilySearch online.

(11) Keziah (Goss) Haskell marriage to John Rose in Granville, MA, Early Vital Records of Massachusetts from 1600 to 1850 Granville, Hampdon Co. – Marriages, page 151 Rose, Online at: 

http://ma-vitalrecords.org/MA/Hampden/Granville/Images/Granville_M151.shtml

Rose, John and Kisiah Haskil, June 23, 1761. Intentions not recorded. 

Posted in Brookfield, Cooley Family Association, Granville, Hannah Goss 1726 and Thomas Haskell, Hardwick, Haskell surname, John and Mehetabel (Clark) Haskell, Keziah Cooley Goss and Timothy Brown, Keziah Goss 1730 and Zachariah Haskell, Keziah Goss Haskell and John Rose, Old Hardwick Cemetery, Paul H. Goss 1890 to 1963, Philip Goss III b. circa 1700 and Keziah Cooley 1702, Philip Goss IV & Mary (Kendall) Goss, Rose surname, Thomas Goss 1734, TRIP - Massachusetts & Connecticut Genealogical Trip April 2011 (formerly Massachusetts Meanderings) | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

A Mother and a Daughter named Keziah, both of Brookfield, MA. – Part I

Back in the 1940’s, cousin Paul H. Goss wrote a summary of the confusion between the two Keziah Goss that appeared in the records of Brookfield.  He published his article in a multi-volume run of the Cooley Association’s bulletin. This article was found at the DAR Library on one of my visits. You can probably find the actual bulletin at other large genealogical libraries or other archives, just search using Worldcat.

Cooley Association Bulletin, Vol. III, July 1942, No. 4 pg. 3-4, one part of the whole article. 

“The Brookfield records quite clearly indicate that some Keziah GOSS married 18 April 1744 to Timothy Brown, and while many, in compiling their family history, have assumed that the Keziah Goss of this marriage was the daughter of Keziah born 26 February 1730 of Philip (III) GOSS and Keziah (COOLEY) such is not the case.

The records of Hardwick, Brookfield, and Granville, Massachusetts show clearly that daughter Keziah Goss had (2) husbands marrying first 20 August 1745 at Hardwick when she was 15.5 years old to Zachariah HASKELL (born 11 April 1718, died 24 October 1759), son of John and Mehetabel (CLARK) HASKELL.

That she married a second time on 23 June 1761 to John ROSE of Granville, Massachusetts (born 18 February 1719/20, died 1788) a son of Jonathan and Abigail (HALE) ROSE. John ROSE had married 1st on 9 May 1745 to Ruth HOLCOMB (born 9 March 1724 and died 2 April 1759) daughter of Nathaniel and Thankful (HAYES) HOLCOMB (Granville Vital Records).

The History of Hardwick states that Keziah GOSS of Brookfield, and Hardwick Vital Records adds “Kezia GOSS married 20 August 1745, Zachariah HASKELL,” thus making certain that Keziah GOSS, who became the wife of Zachariah HASKELL was the daughter of Philip and Keziah (COOLEY) GOSS. Her sister Hannah GOSS born 4 September 1726 had married 12 November 1742 to Thomas HASKELL, son of John. (See page on Hardwick Families.)

So we find, daughter Keziah (GOSS) HASKELL is left a widow when she is 29 years old with a family of six children the eldest 12 years old and the youngest a baby. John ROSE of Granville, Massachusetts had 7 children by Ruth HOLCOMB (Granville Records) and John ROSE had 4 children by widow Keziah (GOSS) HASKELL ROSE.

To assert then, as some have done, that it was the widow Keziah (COOLEY) GOSS who married successively (in 1745) to Zachariah HASKELL and (in 1761) John ROSE of Granville, leaving the daughter Keziah for Timothy BROWN 20 years her senior is unreasonable and to make matters worse, widow Keziah (COOLEY) GOSS would have been 16 years older than Zachariah at the time of their marriage and before having been done with the rounds of matrimony she would have been the mother of 19 children the youngest of them being born when she was 66 years old. Well not possessing definite proof, one just lets discretion become the better part of valor.

According to Temple, Timothy BROWN and Philip (3) GOSS had been good neighbors in Brookfield (History of N. Brookfield, p. 200): “…among others who objected to the site of proposed school house were Philip GOSS and Timothy BROWN.”

He was therefore a contemporary of Philip (3) GOSS, father of the young daughter Keziah. Brookfield Vital Records show that Timothy and Thankful BROWN were the parents of 6 children between 1730 and 1742. Presumably Thankful BROWN died about 1742 or 1743. Also Philip (III) GOSS died in 1742, thus leaving Keziah (COOLEY) GOSS a widow and so naturally widow Keziah married widower Timothy BROWN, the good neighbor. Perhaps this accounts for the GOSS daughters marrying somewhat younger than usual. Hannah a bit past sixteen years and Keziah at 15.5 years. At least their mother’s second marriage to Timothy Brown is the most logical conclusion and their earlier marriage would indicate a desire to escape the new family arrangements. (1)

Paul H. Goss does make some good points in his article above. When Paul H. Goss wrote this article, it was the decade of the 1940’s and he didn’t have the internet to find additional sources. This meant that he would have to write a letter to a courthouse for vital records, probates and deeds. We still have to write letters or emails to find sources because not everything is online.

I know from letters Paul has written, that money was short for research and travel.  Paul had to focus his genealogy research just like we do today. He also had another problem and that was WWII made travel difficult and rations were imposed that limited what people could have for food and other items.

Let’s review and see what additional information has come to light in the 75 years since Paul wrote this article.

Keziah (Cooley) Goss Brown

After the death of Philip Goss III in 1742, Keziah (Cooley) Goss, his wife, became the Administrator of the estate of her husband.  Her son, Philip Goss IV took over in about 1745 after the death of his mother Keziah. Philip the III’s estate shows that she was referenced as Keziah Brown formerly Keziah Goss. (2)

Philip Goss III Estate File – Affidavit of Expenses by Philip Goss IV. partial (2)

To me this is pretty convincing information that Keziah (Cooley) Goss was an older woman and her status as wife and then administrator of her husband’s estate does not indicate that a 15.5 year old girl would be involved in the estate of her father when she had an older brother to take over. The mention of her change of names during the probate process, points out that she was the one that married Timothy Brown.

On 18 April, 1744 Keziah (Cooley) Goss remarried to Timothy Brown. (3)

They were neighbors and he too was a widow (4) and he was also a cousin to Philip Goss III as we will see in the following information:

Who was Timothy Brown?

This is a portion of the full article: “Timothy Brown was a son of Thomas and Mercy (Hayward) Brown. Mercy Hayward (Anna 3 White, Resolved 2, William 1) was a descendant of William White, who came to Plymouth in 1620 on the Mayflower. On 1 July 1734, Thomas Brown of Brookfield, husbandman, gave eldest son Timothy Brown of the same place 250 acres in Brookfield, Timothy was named as the eldest son in the 16 August 1751 division of Thomas Brown’s estate. He died in Swanzey, New Hampshire, on 3 January 1770.

Timothy Brown married first about 1729, THANKFUL OLMSTEAD, born at Brookfield, Massachusetts on 15 February 1712/3. the daughter of Jabez and Thankful (Barnes) Olmstead. The will of Captain Jabez Olmstead of Ware River dated 24 February 1752/3 and proved 22 March 1752/3, left 5s. to the children of his daughter Thankful Brown, deceased.

Timothy Brown married second at Brookfield on 18 April 1744, Keziah (Cooley) Goss. She was born at Longmeadow part of Springfield, Hampshire County (Hampden County since 1812) on 29 October 1702, a daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Bliss) Cooley. She married first at Brookfield on 25 November 1723, Philip Goss, by whom she had seven children. The 13 May 1746 account of the state of Philip Goss says that the eldest son Philip Goss had assumed administration, “his mother, the widow Keziah Brown, formerly Keziah Goss, having died. There were apparently no children from Timothy’s brief second marriage.

Timothy Brown married third at Lower Ashuelot (later Swanzey), Cheshire County, New Hampshire, on 27 February 1745, HANNAH (____) WRIGHT, she had married first Cyprian Wright…

Children of Timothy Brown and 3d wife, Hannah Wright:

  • Thankful Brown b. at Lower Ashuelot (Swanzey N.H) 8 Jan. 1746 (She died about 1752/3)
  • Wright Brown b. Ware, Mass 1 July 1748
  • Joel Brown b. Ware, 3 Oct. 1750″ (5)

If this information in the article above is truth, then Keziah had to have died before 27 February, 1745 when Timothy Brown remarried to Hannah Wright.  This means the marriage of Keziah and Timothy lasted only 10 months. The probate file and court documents of her husband’s estate also indicate that she died early 1745.

Based on the above article we find that Timothy Brown was also a cousin of Philip Goss III. Philip’s mother Judith (Hayward) Goss had a sister name Mercy and she was Timothy’s mother. Judith and Mercy’s mother was Anna White a descendant of William White of the Mayflower. (6)

Here are the children of Timothy and Thankful Brown all born in Brookfield.

Anna, d. Timothy and Thankfull, Apr. 23, 1730.
Ephraim, s. Timothy and Thankfull, Feb. 1, 1734-5.
Mabel, d. Timothy and Thankfull, Jan. 28, 1732-3.
Ruth, d. Timoth and Thankfull, Dec. 26, 1739.
Silanc, d. Timothy and Thankfull, Oct. 19, 1737.
Thomas, s. Timothy and Thankfull, Apr. 16, 1742. (7)

We find an entry in the History of Swanzey, New Hamphire about Timothy Brown.

Dea. Timothy Brown m. 1st Thankful___ (d. Oct. 6, 1743; m. 2d Kezia _____(d. Sep. 15, 1744); m. 3rd Feb 27, 1745, widow Hannah Wright (d. Aug 18, 1776). He d. Jan 3, 1770. Children: Thankful bapt. Jan 10, 1746. Timothy bapt. Jan 10, 1746, page 301. (8)

Apparently, Paul H. Goss did not realize just how close Timothy Brown and Philip Goss III were. Yes, they were neighbors. They were very closed neighbors and actually lived next door to each other.

There is a deed dated 1734 in the Worcester Land Records Index that is listed under Timothy Brown to Thomas Brown and the witnesses are Philip Goss and Philip Goss Jr. (Keziah’s husband at the time.) We find that Timothy Brown lived right next door to Capt. Philip Goss I and Philip Goss, Jr. III in Brookfield. He was also a neighbor to Thomas Gilbert a son-in-law of Capt. Philip Goss II and Philip Jr.’s aunt Hannah Goss Gilbert.

Last part of the Deed between Thomas and Timothy Brown showing Philip Goss and Philip Goss Jr. as witnesses

To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come I Thomas Brown _____ Greeting know ye that the said Thomas Brown of Brookfield in the County of Worcester husbandman found in consideration of Love and goodwill and affection which I have and to bear toward my Eldest son Timothy Brown of the same town and county Province aforesaid Blacksmith Have given and granted and by these presents do freely and clearly and absolutely give & grant unto the said Timothy Brown his heirs and [administrator] all & singular a certain tract or tracts of land situate lying an being in Brookfield in the County and Province aforesaid containing by estimation two hundred and fifty acres butted & bounded as followeth viz one ___containing one hundred acres be it more or less. Begin at a black oak tree _____by Hadley road then run southerly to a black oak stump with _____continuing southerly to a white oak tree marked then to a rock with ____on it then upon Sam’l Wheelor to a [slak cand hener] which is said Wheelor Corner then heading southerly upon land of John Goss to a pine stump then to a white oak tree standing by the Ditch then bound by the Brook running up the Brook to a white oak marked then running northerly upon land of Phillip Goss Jr. to a rock continuing northwestardly to a ditch and from the ditch to a heap of stones then running westwardly to a white oak marked then running northerly to a fence to a stake by the stone wall north to Hadley Road then continuing northwardly to a stake and J. Heney then to a white oak which is a corner running southwest an other track containing by my mention one hundred & fifty acres be it more or less butted and bounded beginning the Southwesterly corner u a small elm standing in a little run then runs eastwardly ____the mill ___meadow to a stake by the Brook then to a pine tree then to a stake and then by the dug way then turning northwardly to a maple tree marked. Then turning easterly over the hill to a white oak marked to continuing eastwardly to a pine tree which is a corner then turning northerly to a white oak stump & ____on it to continuing northerly to a stump and ___ upon it which is a corner then turning west to a black oak tree marked then turning southerly by Land of Thomas Gilbert to a red oak tree which is said Gilberts Corner then turning west by Gilburts land to a white oak marked then turning northerly by Gilburts land to the brook above the East Meadow then bounded by the upland down the meadow to the _____of the hill meadow to continuing southerly down by the Brook to a maple tree [Hans Singer] the said Brook north of the path that comes from Ware River to Brookfield then turn west to a white oak marked then run southwest to a white oak marked below the West Meadow Dam then turning southerly land of ________to a white oak marked to continuing southwardly to the first mentioned corner where it first began Except what shall be necessary ____________according to the grant of the ___of Brookfield to have and to hold the said grantor presents with all and singular advantage privilege and ________and thereunto belonging or in any wife appertains unto him the said Timothy Brown his heirs and after and forever ____good perfect and absolute Estate of Inheritance __________________clearly ______and discharge of and from all former and other gifts grant bargain sales _____Mortgage will be ______________executions & encumbrances whatsoever & furthermore the said Thomas Brown _____________to Grant to and with the said _______Brown his heirs and assigns forever that before and until the sealing thereof ______& Lawful owner of ___________the granted premises with the ______ Have in myself full power good right and lawful authority to convey give and confirm the same aforesaid and furthermore. The said Thomas Brown for myself my heirs do Covenant premise and engage to warrant and defend the Grantee premise with all privilege whatsoever is thereunto belonging _____my wife appertaining unto him the said Timothy Brown ____________assign forever against the lawful claims & demand to any person or persons whatsoever forever thereafter. In witness whereof I have thereunto set my name and seal this first day of July Anno Domini 1734 and in the Eighth year of the Reign of our Sovereign, Lord George the ______by the Grace of God of Great Brittain France and Ireland King defender of the faith I Thomas Brown seal sign _____and delivered in the presence of Phillip Goss Phillip Goss Jr. Thomas Gilburt Worcester Brookfield July 1, 1734; Then Thomas Brown the subscriber to the foregoing instrument acknowledge the same to be his act and deed Cram Joseph Dwight jus pa July 28, 1734 Rec and ___John Chandler Reg. Bk5 page 250. (9)

The deed transcribed above shows that Timothy Brown was even more than just a good neighbor. Timothy Brown received 250 acres in 1734 from his father, Thomas Brown, that was situated next door to Philip Goss Jr.’s (III) land in Brookfield. This deed is new information and shows that Timothy was very close to the Goss family by land ownership as well.

Of course in 1734, Timothy was married to Thankful and this means that Keziah (Cooley) Goss probably knew her as a neighbor.

The story of Keziah (Cooley) Goss Brown is not complete at this time. I have a lot more to share about these ancestors: an in-depth on Philip’s estate, deeds that involve Philip Goss III, the children’s stories, the quest to find their burials and Keziah’s heritage as a member of the Cooley family. I will return to her and Philip Goss III in future posts.

In the next post, I will review the sources on her daughter Keziah (Goss) Haskell Rose and based on the information presented we will see that these two woman had very different life stories.

=======================================================

Sources for this post – seek out the parenthesis (#)

(1)  Keziah Cooley Goss, Quarterly Bulletin of the Cooley Association,   Article by Paul H. Goss in several volumes of the bulletin. The Cooley Family Association of America, 39 Woodland Place, Fort Thomas, Kentucky.   Housed at the DAR Library 2nd Floor, upper level to R. of Desk, top shelf Oversized Red Book. (DAR Library has Vol. 1-7, 8, 9, 10 and 12.) The articles below were short and spread throughout several volumes in a series. I am not sure if I have the citation totally correct but I have gone through it several times. 

  • Vol. I, No. 1, October 1939, page 1 – Keziah (Cooley) Goss – Cover page
  • Vol. III, No. 8, April 1942, page 2 to 3 – Start of the series: Keziah (Cooley) Goss, Contributed by Paul H. Goss. Discusses Benjamin Cooley and the descent to Keziah and her marriage to Philip Goss. 
  • Vol. III, No. 4, July 1942, page 3 to 4. Keziah’s marriage to Timothy Brown and the confusion with her daughter Keziah Goss.
  • Vol. III, No. 1, October 1942,  page 3 to 4  Deaths of Keziah and Philip and lack of a burial location, Paul’s speculation on the fate of Keziah (Cooley) Goss Brown, that she and Timothy went to Granville. 
  • Vol. IV, No. 2, January 1943, page 9 to 10 More on the migration to Granville, Simsbury and Becket. 
  • Vol. IV, No. 3 April 1943, page 15 to 23, Keziah (Cooley) Goss. The Children of Keziah Cooley Goss.

There is also a description of the Goss-Seward Reunion in the Quarterly Bulletin.  Vol. VIII, October 1946, No. 1, page 4.  Paul went to Pennsylvania on this trip.

Both Paul Goss and Flora Osborn, cousins and Goss researchers, were members of the Cooley Association of America which still exists and you can find some really good information at this link: http://www.cooleyfamilyassociation.com/index.html As a Cooley descendant I could join.

(2) Probate Docket of Philip Goss Jr. of Brookfield, #24906, July of 1742, page 303 of Index Court Clerk Books: Probate Docket No. 24000-27599, FHL#859177, Probate Records (Worcester Co., Massachusetts,) index 1741 to 1881, 1731-1916. Case file #24906, page 303 (Image 158). Goss images start with 156. The list above is from the Probate Docket and lists the court clerks book/volumes and pages. Online at FamilySearch.

(3) The marriage of Keziah (Cooley) Goss to Timothy Brown in Brookfield. Vital Records of Brookfield, Massachusetts to the end of the year 1849 Birth, Marriages & Deaths, pages. 106, 211, 324, 492 Philip Goss, Worcester, Massachusetts, Franklin P. Rice, Trustee of the Fund, 1909.

Marriages: “Philip Goss and Kezia Coolee, Nov. 25, 1723”

(4) History of North Brookfield, Massachusetts: preceded by an account of Old Quabang, Indian and English occupation, 1647-1676: Brookfield records, 1686-1783, A Genealogical Register of North Brookfield, J. H. Temple, actually compiled by Charles Adams Jr. (1887):

pg. 200 “Dec 1728 the town voted to build one school house… “The following persons entered dissent against the site of the school house: Ephraim Hayward, Philip Goss, Jr., Jonathan Jennings, Timothy Brown etc. (Not built till 1733)

There are additional references to the Goss family in the pages of this book,  which is available at Internet Archive for viewing and downloading. I will revisit this source in future posts.

(5) Timothy Brown of Brookfield and Ware, Massachusetts, and Swanzey, New Hampshire, a Descendant of William White of the Mayflower, by Robert S. Wakefield, F.A.S.G. The American Genealogist, Volume 71, pages 155 to 157, published July 1996. The American Genealogist is at the American Ancestors website (NEHGS) as a database and you can access the articles. This particular article has many sources listed, but be careful sources can become dated but to republication. Some of them I have featured in this post.

Here is another notation from The American Genealogist, Volume 46, page 244, published in 1970 about Timothy Brown.

Timothy Brown was a son of Thomas and Mercy ____Brown. He married 1) Thankful ______, (2) Brookfield, 18 April 1844, Keziah Goss. By his first wife he had in Brookfield: Anna, Mabel, Ephraim, Silence, Ruth and Timothy all born from 1730 to 1742. 

The American Genealogist was founded in 1922 by Donald Lines Jacobus who is considered to be the father of modern genealogy. When you see the F.A.S.G. at the end of someones name, it means that the person is one of a small group of very accomplished genealogists. http://fasg.org/

(6) Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Descendants of the Pilgrims Who Landed at Plymouth, Mass. December 1620, Volume Thirteen, William White, Originally compiled by Ruth Wilder Sherman, FASG and Robert Moddy Sherman, CG, FASG, Re-edited by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG, published by the General Society of the Mayflower Descendants, 1997. One of many silver books. Pages: 3, 4, 10, 23-25 Hayward children Judith and Mercy/Marcy and her marriage to Thomas Brown and a listing for Timothy Family #98 on page 71 and 72. 

In the article about Timothy Brown in The American Genealogist, they reference a 1975 edition as a source for Mayflower 5 Generations, I have provided the update source above for the Mayflower Five Generations project that features Timothy Brown.

The information about Timothy Brown based on the Mayflower Volume is slowly convincing me that they are one and the same man.

(7) Vital Records of Brookfield for Timothy and Thankful Brown’s children Early Vital Records of Massachusetts from 1600 to 1850, pg. 52 and 53 Brown Births. Online at this website. http://ma-vitalrecords.org/MA/Worcester/Brookfield/

Vital Records of Brookfield, MA to the end of the year 1849, Higginson Book Co., Hathi Trust Digital Library. 

https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/010028427

Ancestry.com also has Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records online at their website. You can access Ancestry through a public library with your library card but, you have to be physically in the library to do so.

(8) History of Swanzey, New Hampshire from 1734 to 1890 by Benjamin Read, The Salem Press, 1892, page 301.  This book is available at Internet Archive to search and download. There are several mentions of Timothy Brown in other pages of this book and I find them confusing because there are dates for a Timothy Brown sometimes referred to as Deacon and they are before 1744 the year he married Keziah (Cooley) Goss. Either he was going back and forth or there was another Timothy Brown. 

  • Page 18 Indians raids and an abduction of a Mr. Blake about 1746 Timothy Brown was involved in military action. 
  • Page 49 Timothy is involved with selling land in 1741.
  • Pages 50 and 51 Timothy Brown is mentioned again but the dates are 1741 and maybe 1743 but it is really vague.
  • Page 57 again mention Timothy about residing in the town before abandonment with no clear date.
  • Page 158 Timothy Brown is mentioned regarding the churches in 1753. The proprietors held a meeting in 1743 and Timothy Brown is listed.
  • Page 253 a Timothy Brown is listed as dying of smallpox Oct. 1776? He is listed as Page 514 Deacon Timothy Brown as a leading man among the first settlers, no date given. 

It is interesting that the Mayflower Vol. 13 only references page 301 but they do not mention anything about Timothy Brown being a Deacon?  I find the information in this history of the town to be confusing.  It implies that Timothy Brown was going back and forth between Brookfield, Swanzey and even Ware.

(9) Deed: Thomas Brown to eldest son Timothy, Brookfield, Worcester Co., Massachusetts Land Records, July 1, 1734, Book 5, pages 250 to 252, 250 acres to his eldest son, witnesses, Philip Goss, Philip Goss Jr. and Thomas Gilburt. Online at FamilySearch. 

Posted in Anne White and John Hayward, Announcements, Barnes surname, Brookfield, Capt. Philip Goss II & Judith (Hayward) Goss, Clark surname, Cooley Family Association, Flora Montanye Osborn 1869 to 1951, Granville, Hardwick, Haskell surname, Hayes surname, Holcomb surname, John and Mehetabel (Clark) Haskell, Jonathan & Abigail (Hale) Rose, Keziah Cooley Goss and Timothy Brown, Keziah Goss 1730 and Zachariah Haskell, Keziah Goss Haskell and John Rose, Longmeadow, Nathaniel & Thankful (Hayes) Holcomb, New Hampshire, Olmstead surname, Paul H. Goss 1890 to 1963, Philip Goss III b. circa 1700 and Keziah Cooley 1702, Philip Goss IV & Mary (Kendall) Goss, Resolved White and Judith Vassal, Rose surname, Trip - DAR Library 2000 2007 2011, William White and Susannah, William White and Susannah of the Mayflower | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment